This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Explore The Ideas Expressed In George Orwell's Essays Through Analyzing Its Construction, Content And Language. Examine How Particular Features Of The Text Contribute To Textual Integrity.

5277 words - 21 pages

Politics and the English Language:"Politics and the English Language" (1946) is an essay by George Orwell criticizing "ugly and inaccurate" contemporary written English.Orwell said that political prose was formed "to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind". Orwell believed that, because this writing was intended to hide the truth rather than express it, the language used was necessarily vague or meaningless. This unclear prose was a "contagion" which had spread even to those who had no intent to hide the truth, and it concealed a writer's thoughts from himself and others.Orwell criticises bad writing habits which spread by imitation. He argues that it is necessary for writers to get rid of these habits and think more clearly about what they say, because thinking clearly is a necessary step toward political regeneration.Orwell choses five specimen pieces of text, by Harold Laski ("five negatives in 53 words"), Lancelot Hogben (mixed metaphors) , an essay on psychology in Politics (magazine) ("simply meaningless"), a communist pamphlet ("an accumulation of stale phrases") and a reader's letter in Tribune (magazine) ("words and meaning have parted company"). From these he identifies a "catalog of swindles and perversions which he classifies as "Dying Metaphors", "Operators, or Verbal false limbs", Pretentious Diction" and "Meaningless Words". (see cliches, prolixity, peacock terms and weasel words).Orwell notes that writers of modern prose tend not to write in concrete terms but use a "pretentious latinized style", and he compares an original biblical text with a parody in "modern English" to show what he means. Writers find it is easier to gum together long strings of words than to pick words specifically for their meaning. This is particularly the case in political writing, where orthodoxy leads to a lifeless imitative style. Political speech and writing are generally in defense of the indefensible and so lead to a euphemistic inflated style. Thought corrupts language, and language can corrupt thought. Orwell suggests six elementary rules that if followed will prevent the type of faults he illustrates, although "one could keep all of them and still write bad English".Orwell makes it clear that he has "not been considering the literary use of language, but merely language as an instrument for expressing and not for concealing thought". He also acknowledges his own shortcomings and states "Look back through this essay and for certain you will find that I have again and again committed the very faults I am protesting against."Causes and characteristics of unclear writingHe related what he believed to be a close association between bad prose and inhumane ideology:" Consider for instance some comfortable English professor defending Russian totalitarianism. He cannot say outright, "I believe in killing off your opponents when you can get good results by doing so." Probably, therefore, he will...

Find Another Essay On Explore the ideas expressed in George Orwell's Essays through analyzing its construction, content and language. Examine how particular features of the text contribute to textual integrity.

Explore the features of the language used in digital communications which suggest that they are closer to spoken rather than written language. Com

2120 words - 9 pages is used at the beginning of Text A. These two features illustrate that the writer and audience are familiar with each other, as there is use of colloquial language, specific to a spoken conversation. An alternative reason for using Non-standard spelling is to perhaps express the speaker’s accent as the phonetic spelling is written according to how it sounds, rather than how it is represented in written form. In a BBC News article, it says that a

Deconstruction through Symbolism in George Orwell's 1984

1626 words - 7 pages translate his thoughts to physical words on paper could not be trusted. The words of the author are not loosely expressing what the author had in mind. That is where Nietzsche’s quote comes into play. It is up to the reader to translate and make connections from the text, interpret it, and discover a meaning they hold true to their own thought, and true to the author’s original thought. Jacques Derrida believed that language prevented an exact thought

George Orwell's Use of Language Techniques to Represent Power in Animal Farm

2089 words - 8 pages George Orwell's Use of Language Techniques to Represent Power in Animal Farm "Power corrupts, but absolute power corrupts absolutely"; and this is eloquently proved in George Orwell's novel 'Animal Farm.' In this satirical fable, Orwell uses his allegorical farm to candidly illustrate the corruptive nature of power and to symbolise the communist system in the microcosm of a farmyard barn. George Orwell was the pen

Versailles - Absolute Architecture Of An Absolute King Story of the Versailles Palace and Its Construction through an Art Historical View how Did Louis Xiv Plan The Construction? where Can We Find...

1697 words - 7 pages universe and eternity. With this standing in the background the construction becomes real, imaginary and symbolic at once.In the following text I will try to explain how "Versailles works" with the help of the three main notions of the study. First, the place and its relation to space and time - location and historical background. Second, the power's relation to representation - how superiority is shown. And finally the monumentality - how all

Chaucer and the "House of Fame". Discusses the cultural nature of fame and its textual expression with reference to oral heroic poetry and the modern construction of the canon of English literary trad

2109 words - 8 pages QUESTION 7.DISCUSS THE CULTURAL NATURE OF FAME AND ITS TEXTUALEXPRESSION WITH REFERENCE TO ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING:ORAL HEROIC POETRY, CHAUCER'S DEPICTION IN THE HOUSE OF FAMEAND THE MODERN CONSTRUCTION OF THE CANON OF ENGLISHLITERATURE.YOU SHOULD FOCUS YOUR ANALYSIS ON THE INTERPLAY OF ORALAND LITERARY TRADITIONS IN THESE CONTEXTS.Many critics have noted the complexities within Chaucer's The House of Fame, inparticular, the complexities

How has the film 10 "Things I Hate About You" drawn on the value system of the earlier text The Taming of the Shrew in order to express its ideas?

1504 words - 6 pages in love with Patrick, she expresses through a poem to the class her feelings for him, "I hate it when you're not around, and the fact that you didn't call. But mostly I hate the way I don't hate you…" this shows how Kat has developed strong feelings towards a common person, who she typically would have rejected.The text of Taming of the Shrew has used the medium of a play and as a result has certain predetermined criteria.The play was

This essay is concerned about the The Features of Advertising Language And Analysis of Advertising English Through Classification

4979 words - 20 pages ads have used imperative sentences. Most of these sentences are urging readers to take action immediately for others or social ethics. All these data shows the fact that public interest advertising does not please readers by beautiful words or original ideas, but touch them through true feelings.ConclusionAdvertising language as a special kind of language is very different from common language. It has its own features in morphology, syntax, and

Focusing on Act 1 Scene 7 and its significance with Macbeth, explore the ways in which Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are presented in the text

1462 words - 6 pages Focusing on Act 1 Scene 7 and its significance with Macbeth, explore the ways in which Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are presented in the text. Macbeth is introduced as a hero who then turns his determination to his downfall and ends up losing everything he wanted to be. A man. Expressions such as "Valour's minion" (the servant of Courage) and "Bellona's bridegroom" (the husband of War) show us that Macbeth is an audacious man who is willing to fight

The Taming of the Shrew and 10 Things I hate about you. Comnpare both texts and what each text reveals about their culture through themes, language and characters

1641 words - 7 pages The Taming of the Shrew and 10 Things I Hate About You both raise important issues through their themes, language and portrayal of characters. In doing so they each reflect the prevailing culture of the time they were composed.A modern audience has the opportunity to compare its society to those of the past, a prospect not offered to those of Elizabethan England. This allows a modern audience the ability to analyse views and opinions throughout

What ideas link Utopic and Dystopic texts, support your response to this question through a detailed analysis of-1984 by George Orwell,Gattaca directed by Andrew Niccol,Incognito by Claire Carmichael

1044 words - 4 pages “in-valids”. To overcome the disadvantage he has Vincent takes on a new identity to show that he can keep up with the rest of the population, a key moment in the film where this is expressed is the scene, where he races his brother out to sea and when asked how he was able to beat his genetically superior brother he retorts “I never saved any for the way back”. Some cinematic devices used in the film to extenuate this class

So you want to have a positive cultural experience? How to travel by using ideas expressed in "My Sojourn in the Lands of My Ancestors" and "La Relacion"

561 words - 2 pages What would it be like to visit unknown relatives in the vast expanses of Africa? What would you do if you were stranded on an island inhabited by strange and unfamiliar Indians? How would you react if you were saved from starvation during a cold winter by friendly natives? Society today has been shaped by the cross-cultural adventures and experiences of history. What if you were able to have an experience like these and learn more about a

Similar Essays

Title Explore How The Audiences Perception Of Claudius Alters Throughout The Play, With Particular Reference To The Prayer Scene. Needs More Textual Evidence. Word Count 2062. Includes Bibliography

2096 words - 8 pages " Shakespeare shows Claudius' fearfulness in this scene by giving him very few lines to speak in the penultimate events of the play. Commonly in public scenes, Claudius is in the centre of public attention, the Wedding Scene, earlier in this scene also, and this difference shows how he has lost control of the situation and has no response he can see to save his political career.The audience are taken through a multitude of feelings towards Claudius in the

Show How Through An Analysis Of The Content, Language And Style Eliot's "Preludes" Is A Reflection Of Its Context

1040 words - 4 pages questions the very core of the ideas and contextual reflections that are conveyed in the text. Having argued about the state of the world, and how modernism has overridden Romanticism and the Victorians and become dull, Eliot finishes off by saying there is nothing he can do, there is nothing anyone can do but laugh at the state of the world.In conclusion, it can be seen through Eliot's use of language and imagery that "Preludes" is greatly

Analyse The Below Extract Of 'mein Kampf' And Its Particular Qualities And Content

1089 words - 4 pages the Jews. Regardless how my sentiment might resist, my reason was forced to draw its conclusions. The fact that nine-tenths of all literary filth, artistic trash, and theatrical idiocy can be set to the account of a people, constituting hardly one-hundredth of all the country's inhabitants, could simply not be talked away: it was the plain truth. And I now began to examine my beloved 'world press' from this point of view. And the deeper I probed

"1984" By George Orwell Assignment: Explore A Novel In Which The Major Themes Are Developed In The First Chapter And Explain How These Themes Contribute To The Work As A Whole

546 words - 2 pages manipulation and suppression. As the first chapter is only a minor introduction to the extreme horror in which the citizens of Oceana must live, Orwell's meaning is clear that a totalitarian government forces its people to live lives that are not their own.