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Explore The Ways In Which William Golding Shows How Jack Changes In The Course Of 'lord Of The Flies'

1155 words - 5 pages

'Lord of the Flies' was written by William Golding in 1954. Golding's experience in the war had an effect on him and changed his views on humanity. His book was written to demonstrate just how naive the book 'The Coral Island' was. Golding conveys how mankind deteriorates when one has no rules, order or morals. He shows no matter how young or what nationality one is, humans have an internal battle of right and wrong and that without virtues and principles all can go down the path of savagery even innocent children. The third person narrative that Golding uses lets the reader observe how the story develops.

Jack is initially a responsible head strong boy who follows the rules that society had given him. Our first impression of the choir is that of an army. They were 'marching' approximately in step. The use of word 'marching' suggests a uniform military movement. Therefore the first sighting of the choir leaves a lasting impression of anonymity on the reader. This is conveyed when they are described as a 'creature'. Ralph's group cannot see the choir so they are unknown and mysterious. Furthermore Jack is presented as an arrogant yet an authoritative character. In the sentence 'I ought to be chief because I'm chapter chorister and head boy,' Golding emphasises Jack's arrogance and ignorance as Jack believes that he is suitable for the role of chief due to his role in school which has no relevance.

In addition, Jack is also spiteful and cruel towards Piggy. This is conveyed when Jack says to Piggy, 'shut up Fatty.' Piggy so far in the book is presented as a reasonable individual trying to maintain order; Jack behaving unkindly to Piggy may suggest that in some aspects Jack is already rebelling against order. Nevertheless Jack still has his morals at the end of chapter 1. In the sentence 'because of the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh' it is it is obvious that Jack cannot kill the piglet because at this point in the book he still has his morals. Jack seems completely at ease in the forest during his first hunt. When Golding used words like 'furtive,' 'ape-like' and 'seductive' he dehumanises Jack and suggests that he is beginning to develop a fixation with hunting.

However, time on the island is starting to affect Jack later in the book. Jack wants to change and distance himself from his old personality and give himself status, this may show his deterioration. This is illustrated in the way that he 'planned his new face.' The use of the word 'new' shows that the old Jack who was a head boy and still had the ethics that society had given him is slowly deteriorating. The mask allows him to be 'liberated from shame.' This is conveyed in the word 'stranger' this shows that the reflection Jack is looking at is not his. The mask gives him freedom.

Furthermore, Jack at this stage has not completely let go of civilisation. When Golding uses the words 'twitched,' 'shuddered' and 'grimaced' he exhibits how Jack is still...

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