Explores "Age Of Revolutions" (1789 1848). Describes Revolutions In France, Haiti, And Latin America. Thesis: Revolutions Are Similar In Leaders, Dealings Church, Basic Cycle.

1996 words - 8 pages

The period between 1789 and 1848 is often called the Age of Revolutions, as it was a time of uprising, chaos, and the demand for freedom and independence. During this time, revolutions were occurring simultaneously throughout France, Haiti, and Latin America, each one inadvertently inspiring others. While these revolutions were different in many ways, they all shared certain similarities in their types of leaders and dealings with the church, and a basic pattern/cycle that can be used in sequence with almost any revolution: large revolts of lower classes, push for change, modifications in political system followed by disorganization, and takeover by a ruler or system similar to the one that the revolution set out to eradicate. While the last step is occasionally impermanent and the positive change that was originally accomplished is restored, as one will see later in Haiti, the revolution is usually a vicious cycle of unhappiness with current leadership and/or policies, bloodshed, temporary change, and sadly, the undoing of all of the previous work by the implementation of an oppressive type of rule that is instigated for the sake of better organization.The best example of this type of cycle is the French revolution, counting both the Liberal and Radical stages. The French Revolution, which occurred from around 1789 to 1799, was the first of the Age of Revolutions, and served as a source and foundation for others after it to draw inspiration from and follow (though often not intentionally). One similarity was that while all of the revolutions produced the change that they originally set out to accomplish, very rarely was that change permanent. In the case of the French Revolution, the goals were the increased power of the third estate, a more democratic government, fair taxation, and equality of the three estates. The outcome, which included changes such as the Declaration of the Rights of Man in August 1789, the execution of Louis XVI in 1793, and the government being taken over by the Legislative Assembly in 1791, all meaning the end of oppression by an overbearing king, was basically what the revolutionaries had wished for. However, these changes were virtually undone when Napoleon became the absolute monarch of France in 1799. Although one could argue that Napoleon's takeover did not undo the changes of the revolution completely, they were certainly undermined after his defeat, when Louis XVIII assumed the throne in 1814. Essentially, the revolution had begun with an oppressive Louis and ended with an oppressive Louis; nothing had really changed.This same pattern of restoration of previous ways of government and policy can be seen in the revolution of Venezuela, after Simón Bolívar gained independence for the country in 1821 following a surprise march in Colombia (1819), and united Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador into "Gran Colombia." However, this also did not last long, as the generals who had aided him soon began to fight...

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