Exploring China's One Child Policy Essay

1023 words - 4 pages

The People's Rights vs. The Governments Responsibility

What Led Up Plus Population Control Under Mao
The origin of the policy can date back to the 1950s, a year after Mao Zedong (1893-1976) became chairmen of the new "People's Republic of China." Seeing they were a country in need of growth, Mao believed birth control was a capitalist plot to weaken the country and make it vulnerable to attack. He thought "every mouth comes with two hands attached," and "An army of the people is invincible." He condemned birth control and banned the import of contraceptives. Over time the liabilities of a large, rapidly growing population soon became apparent. While at the same time, Mao was busy trying to boost the economy of china, though some experiments worked, others didn't. Chinese leaders again saw rapid population growth as an obstacle to development, and their interest in birth control revived In the 1970's, Mao began to come around to the threats posed by too many people. He began encouraged a policy of marry late, wait long to have children and have few" and coined the slogan:'Late, long, and few' and 'One is good, two is OK, three is too many', with the number of children allowed. This was put into effect around the same time Mao passed away. Three years after his death, the One-child Policy was put into effect, and has been ever since. The lives of everyday people were changed drascitally from this point forward.
How the Policy Adapts to Life
Under the one-child program, as it was most commonly enforced, a couple was allowed to have one child. If that child turned out be a girl, they were allowed to have a second child. After the second child, they were not allowed to have any more children. In some places though couples were only allowed to have one child regardless of whether it was a boy or a girl. It is unusual for a family to have two sons, but not impossible. The program is stated as completly involuntary, but is strictly controlled. . Family Planning Officials are the ones who are responsible for accomplishing authoritie among the general public. Under the one-child program, a sophisticated system rewarded those who observed the policy and penalized those who did not. Couples with only one child were given a "one-child certificate" entitling them to such benefits as cash bonuses, longer maternity leave, better child care, preferential housing assignments, etc. In return, they were required to pledge that they would not have more children. In the countryside, there was great pressure to adhere to the one-child limit because the rural population accounted for approximately 60 percent of the total. The effectiveness of the one-child policy in rural areas was considered the key to the success or failure of the program as a whole.The one-child policy (when only allowed to have one child without limits) actually only covers about 35 percent of Chinese, mostly those living in urban areas.
In the cities, it's accepted as a necassery evil; in...

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