The country that I regard as one of the most influential countries in the world is Nigeria. It is rich not only in natural resources but also in culture, an aspect that many people fail to greatly appreciate. As I deeply researched and developed this essay, I hoped to enlighten, excite, and engage you on this very ethnic journey. I will explore the following topics, but will not limit myself to solely these: topography, imports, exports, language, rituals, customs, people, main cities, industries, climate, and main problems. I will also include a photo album, fun and interesting facts, and delicious signature cuisine and delicacies of the Nigerian culture. I assure you that by the conclusion of this essay that you will be completely enamored with Nigeria, as I have grown to be.
Origin and History
Nigeria’s origins and history never cease to amaze me. The British invaded Niger in the 16th century, by a process called colonization. Colonization is simply the conquering of one culture by another’s. They did so in order to obtain raw materials and precious riches that were not available in Europe. They also wanted a market for manufactured goods that they wouldn’t otherwise been afforded. The British deemed this sort of action acceptable because they regarded themselves as the “most advanced civilization in the world”, being superior than any other beings ever created. They failed to realize the true value of the royal African people.
Topography & Climate
Nigeria is on the westernmost coast of Africa, ranging from arid to humid in various sections. A belt of mangrove swamp forest from 16 to 96 km in width, intersected by branches of the Niger and countless other smaller rivers and creeks, is along the entire coast of Nigeria. Beyond the swamp forest is a zone heaving tropical rain forest. The country becomes a plateau at a general elevation of about 600 m but reaches a maximum of 2,042 m on the eastern border in the Shebshi Mountains, and the vegetation changes from woodland to savanna, with thick forest in the mountains. In the northernmost portion of Nigeria, the country inches toward the Saharas. Nigeria has a tropical climate with inconsistent rainy and dry seasons. The climate basically depends on the location. It is humid most of the year in the southeast but arid in the southwest and inland portions. A climate that reminds you of a savanna’s, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the northern and western portion, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north.
Imports and Exports
Oil prices can be very expensive internationally which is why Nigeria’s import trade balances export revenue so eloquently. According to 2009 statistics, the country's imports grossed over US$42.1 billion. Machinery, heavy equipment, consumer goods and food products are the major imports of Nigeria. The majority of the imports arrive from the European Union, (the Netherlands, the UK, France and Germany. China, the US...