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Exploring Relationship To Self And Others

3472 words - 14 pages

The purpose of this paper is to explore relationships, which emerge, between self and others. As a foundation for understanding, “what it means to be a human being?” I will investigate the theory of the self, focusing on the philosopher Martin Heidegger. Heidegger depicts the human “being”, which he refers to as “Dasein” meaning, “to be there” (Solomon 1972), as an entity that can only be described by its relationship with the world and its environment. He talks about the interties between the tangible day-to-day world and the development of what is described as a human being (Warnock 1970). To have a clearer perspective of the “human being” it is important to understand man’s past as well as the present. Carl G Jung explores self through imagery; he makes distinct connections between myths and symbols to the unconscious mind. Jung unravels the active imagination, the dream world, referring to dreams as unconscious messages, which conveys influences exposed to the “self” which we may not be aware of.

I aim to explore the different art forms observing their attributes to a therapeutic environment. Through investigating our ability to create imagery, I hope to discover how artist media can help to communicate and clarify feelings and emotions in a safe setting. Employing a method of analogy, I aim to unfold the concept of fantasy. Identifying fantasy as an opportunity to be more exploratory with imagery in a productive manner and not as a form of escape or retreat from reality.

The focus of this essay will be on how difficult relationships can arise and the type characteristics that can be identified as key players in these difficult interactions. Through Donald Winnicott’s extensive research and observation of infant development I will be able to explore the first relationships built noting. “If this contribution is accepted it follows that everyone who is sane, everyone who feels himself to be a person in the world, and for whom the world means something, every happy person, is in infinite debt to a woman. At a time in earliest infancy when there was no perception of dependence, we were absolutely dependent." (D. W. Winnicott, 1987: 10)

Following on from Winnicott’s infant development, I will be exploring John Bowlby’s Attachment Theory. His “observations of children separated from their parents enabled him to establish once and for all the importance of environmental trauma as a cause of neurosis and character disturbance” (J. Holmes 1993:5) Bowlby’s theory helps to illuminate varies implementations caused by broken relationships predominantly with the parent. In hope of answering the question why do human being form relationships? Drawing from my own experiences I will be able to comment on practical ways the arts can be used on a daily base.

Psychotherapy is primarily based on the understanding of the human being. Each practice will have an understanding of the mind, Child development, change and a personality...

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