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Exploring The Marshall Plan Essay

1402 words - 6 pages

"So as long as there are men, there will be wars."- Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein is absolutely correct, and if he appended his saying, he just might add that so long as there are wars, there are men who will also make reparations (, it may also be the same men who destroyed your country). The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Marshall Plan; the plan to restore a leveled Europe from severe bombardment of World War II. More specifically, why the Plan was implemented and how it was implemented. As with any important assignment, it is important to gather a history of each of the countries and occurrences that led to the formation of the Marshall Plan.In 1945, after six devastating years of war, Europe's major cities such as Warsaw, Poland, and Berlin, Germany, were left in ruins from the assaults of World War II bombardments. If cities had not been leveled, they were certainly damaged quite badly. Immediately following the war, the European economy had declined so much due to the fact that industrial cities were targets from the Nazi regime, and of course, for the Allied forces, all German controlled cities were bombarded with aerial assaults to cripple the Nazi's regeneration of vital supplies; factories that created goods for the war effort such as vehicles, weapons and food. A successful war strategy in a war of attrition, means that one country must eliminate their enemy's ability to re-mobilize and regenerate their supplies and numbers. As a result of Europe being the battleground, many millions of survivors of WWII had been without residence. No food, and the little help from the United States at the time was still not enough to keep Europeans from starvation. Of course England and France had better conditions than citizens of Poland or Germany because they were the leaders in industrial-manufacturing, there was still little work, little amounts of food, and no reserves to help reconstruct Europe. When speeches from Secretary of State George Marshall hit the BBC, and other media such as newspapers, led to the United States congress meetings that began the negotiations for the Marshall Plan. George Marshall spoke to Harvard graduating classes, and other important places, he rebounded ideas of successful plans of how the United States can loan money to the countries involved in the destruction of Europe from the second World War. Not all countries felt easy about accepting money from the Americans, the Soviets were quite cautious yet still interested in the Marshall Plan. The Soviets felt that if their economy did collapse, they would trade with enemies of the communists; democratic countries. Stalin was in power at the time, and he felt that under the circumstances, he would be in ultimate control of the aid. Stalin wanted to...

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