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Exploring The Relevance Of Bosphorus As A Cultural Link Between The East And West In Istanbul: Memories And The City

1722 words - 7 pages

Istanbul memories and the city is an autobiographic memoir written by a Turkish novelist ferit orhan pamuk and translated by Maureen freely. The memoir tells us about Istanbul, culture and melancholy of pamuk. And this memoir is mostly about Bosphorus and the past of Istanbul and also the home place of orhan pamuk. From the childhood orhan pamuk was attracted towards literature that is why he mentioned many writers and poets names like Yahya Kemal, Ekrem Moçu etc. in his book. He also included his school life adventure and how he found interest in painting. And most of all he tells readers about Bosphorus and how the culture was changing. Bosphorus was fishing village for Greek for centuries ...view middle of the document...

Istanbul is the only city in the world which spreads over two continents, it lies at a point where Asia and Europe are separated by a narrow strait - the Bosphorus. The word bosphorus means throat in Turkish but orhan Pamuk connected it with fresh air. Istanbul expresses itself as defeat, destruction, deprivation, melancholy and poverty but Bosphorus gifts them life pleasure and happiness. In early time Bosphorus was considered as beauty spot and waterway and a good place for summer days. When orhan use to travel through the middle of city and feel hopelessness because of the condition of the city he use to look at the bosphorus which made him feel relief. He also gets the feeling of open sea in bosphorus. It also gave him excitement and comfort. Bosphorus was the place where not only himself but others also feel solitude and freedom. It is so peace and quiet that at night they could hear the sound of their foot step, other travelers also enjoy the feeling of isolation and exemption. Bosphorus a water path which was passing through the middle of the city was not like a divider and it was also not like the canals of Amsterdam or Venice which has canals instead of streets. It was also not like a river which divided the Rome from Paris. Bosphorus is a part of Istanbul which is like a huge road by which traveler can view Istanbul's every place. The water in the Bosphorus is deep and dark where big ships can travel. Istanbul in his account is a humanized city which is suffering from chronic, every pathological, sadness which transmits its moods to its inhabitant. Pamuk uses a Turkish word hüzün, denoting a medley of melancholy and sadness. To unite the city, its past and it’s present within a timeless as well as transnational feeling. Bosphorus was one of the greatest thing to which Pamuk gave importance. In the mid-19th century steamship revolutionized sea travel. Europeans were planning to bring great cities close together. Bosphorus was the path for Istanbul to connect to rest of the world. A company initially trading under the name of Sirketi Hayriye and later known as Sehir Hatlari (city lines) was set up and soon every Bosphorus village has its own landing station. Until the ferries started there were hardly roads connecting them. Ferries were very efficient for travelling and also transporting.

Bosphorus was the main path for transporting and travelling because of the steamships. Westernization period (1703–1876) during the reign of Ahmed III (1703–1730) and under the impetus of his grand vizier İbrahim Paşa, a period of peace ensued. Due to the close relations between the Ottoman Empire and France, Ottoman architecture began to be influenced by the Baroque and Rococo styles that were popular in Europe.
Mellin, a French architect, was invited by a sister of Sultan Selim III to Istanbul and depicted the Bosphorus shores and the seaside waterfront mansions called yalı. During a thirty-year period known as the Tulip period, all eyes were...

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