Exploring Why The British Troops Were Sent Into Northern Ireland In 1969

2122 words - 8 pages

Exploring Why the British Troops Were Sent into Northern Ireland in 1969

Ireland was once a Nation they claimed a moral right to live in
Ireland. Before 1500 the Gaelic lived in Ireland, they shared a
language and political structure. They were separated into smaller
groups. In the 5th century the Gaelic were converted to Christianity
by missionaries. After 1500 the English took control for the first
time by way of force due to the Irish being loyal to Catholicism and
the English were strong protestants. The soldiers drove farmers off
their land. The protestants were strongest in Northern Ireland,
Ulster. The Irish made a rebellion but this was crushed at the battle
of Boyne, many laws were passed to keep the Catholics quiet. Even up
to 1914 the Irish were unwilling to accept English domination. They
were completely against it. They called themselves Nationalists as
they were opponents to English rule. There are two types of
Nationalists, Revolutionary Nationalists and Parliamentary
Nationalists. The former believing that English rule could only be
removed through violence. They had many failed rebellions through
violent attempts. By 1914 the idea of an armed resistance was
abandoned. Parliamentary Nationalists believed that the English
protestants could be persuaded to give Ireland home rule without
violence but through discussion. By giving Ireland home rule they
were allowed control over their religion, education, health,
employment policies etc … In 1914 the British agreed to home rule.
The Ulster Unionists (protestants) didn’t want home rule as they
viewed themselves as separate to the Irish nation and thought that if
the Irish were allowed home rule they would end up kicking the Ulster
Unionists out of Ireland and get complete rule back. They feared that
they would be persecuted because they were the minority in an
independent Ireland.

Despite all of the problems mentioned there were two other sets of
causes – the Fundamental causes and the immediate causes.

Firstly, the fundamental causes were, the Protestant Unionists
dominated northern Ireland, this showed that Ireland was already split
by this point. The main factor which caused this separation was
religion. There are lots of places in the world where two different
religions lie side by side without any political hostility. Religious
differences on its own is not enough to explain the conflict in
Ireland. Another reason for the country’s split was the struggle for
power between the two groups. This conflict was only partly about
religious differences between Catholics and Protestants. Is was also
about political differences between Nationalists and Unionists.

The Nationalists all agreed that they wanted a united Ireland. There
dispute was the way to get this. Some groups thought the only...

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