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Exploring Why The Tsar Abdicated After The 1917 Revolution But Not After The 1905 Revolution

2839 words - 11 pages

Exploring Why the Tsar Abdicated after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution

Introduction:

Before the 20th century Russia was still very much living in the
medieval age with a Medieval standard of living. Before the mid 19th
century, Russia’s peasants were subjects to a form of slavery and were
known as “Serfs”. This from of slavery was abolished in 1861and
peasants were aloud land for themselves – but at a price. The peasants
did not receive enough land to make a living and were given land in
strips, making it difficult to improve on the current inefficient
harvesting methods. Bad harvests often brought famine and the Russian
population wanted a more modern Russia. As Russia moved into the 20th
century a very high percentage of the Russian population were peasants
who wanted a change from the agricultural ways – into a new
industrialised nation. This was because the current system was too
harsh on the peasants who were not getting enough food or money to
support their families or themselves, with all the money going to
upper class landowners. Another rising problem was the steadily
increasing population, which meant less land for peasant families to
grow food. Because of this Russia had had a spurt of industrial growth
and factories were popping up in all major towns and cities. Many
young men from the peasant villages went off to the cities looking to
work at the new factories; expecting better pay and good working
conditions. However that was not the case as all it did for the
workers was give them equally bad money and a higher risk of getting
injured while working unprotected with dangerous machinery. This was
the start of peasant uprisings and Revolution with new political
parties forming against Tsarism.

Themes:

The two wars are an important part for the causes of revolution, The
Russo-Japanese war (1904-5) and World War I (1914-17). They both show
Russia not living up to its expectations of a powerful giant that
could crush any opponent. The Tsar had a huge powerful army throughout
his reign and knowing his strength in numbers, he became
overconfident. The Russo-Jap war started because Russia wanted
possession of Port-Arthur due to its ice free conditions and seized it
by building the Trans-Siberian railway into the port. The Japanese
felt humiliated and easily crushed the Russian Navy at the port who
were totally unprepared for an attack from what they thought was a
second-class power. The Russians then sent their Baltic Fleet to crush
the Japanese but were defeated easily. This was a massive humiliation
for the Navy and for the Tsar. Word of this humiliation spread and
this convinced the Russian people they needed change. After the loss
against Japan he was shaken up so he relaxed control of the country.
This allowed various working groups to...

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