Exposition And Critique Of Divine Command Theory

853 words - 4 pages

This essay will explain and critique divine command theory. First, divine command theory will be defined. Second, two key arguments for divine command theory will be described. Third, criticisms will be raised against cultural relativism. Last, a final assessment of divine command theory will be given.
To fully understand the overview of divine command theory six key categories outline the basic principles of this ethical theory. The six key categories are source, selection, definition of good, scope, objective or subjective, and principle of right action. The source of core morality for divine command theory is God's commands. The selection of this moral principle can be done by ...view middle of the document...

People have free will because God created everyone to have free will. In divine command theory every person has free will which means that there is a base for moral judgment to happen. However, free will does not mean that it is possible to get away with anything, that is where the free rider problem can be addressed Because God rewards goodness and he sees good intentions he can also punish evil. For example if someone decides that because they have free will they will steal from others because they want to, then they are doing wrong because God's commands are good and he doesn't let evil go unchecked.
Two objections against divine command theory can be raised as well. The first objection points out that in divine command theory there are several written sources to look to for guidance, but it is unclear which one is the best or correct one to choose from, in some cases sources could contradict eachother. Since God exists within many different religious beliefs and texts it is hard to decipher which is the best guide to follow. It can be argued whether the written text is actually directly from God or if it has been heavily influenced by the person who wrote the text. The biggest objection to divine command theory is the euthyphro dilemma The euthyphro dilemma asks "Is what is morally good commanded by God because it is morally good, or is it morally good because...

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