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Expressive Language Development Of Children With Down Syndrome

2936 words - 12 pages

Development of Language 1 Running head: LANGUAGE AND DOWN SYNDROME Expressive Language Development of Children with Down Syndrome Development of Language 2 Expressive Language Development of Children with Down Syndrome For the majority of children, learning to communicate through verbal communication is an important part of their development. The complex language of humans is an important social tool and it allows for the specific expression of emotions, ideas, wants, and desires. Parents of typical, healthy children are often concerned about their child's language development (Kumin, Councill, and Goodman, 1999). They want to know if their child's language abilities are progressing just as other children the same age as their child. Down syndrome is a severe mental disorder caused by trisomy of chromosome 21 and it typically results in developmental delays. Therefore, making a comparison to other children or trying to determine whether their child's language skills are normal for his or her age is a much more complex process for parents of children with Down syndrome.Because the language development of children Down syndrome is different from normal children, the research concerning this subject is essential knowledge for parents and educators (Chapman, Seung, Schwartz, and Bird, 1998). The study of language development in children with Down syndrome is important for many reasons. Parents need to know how to stimulate language development in their child and what is considered typical language development for this group of children. Also, educators need to have knowledge about the development of language in children with Down syndrome so they know when certain milestones should be reached, the educational techniques that should Development of Language 3 be used with them, and how to promote progress in language acquisition.In order to determine the differences in language development between typical children and children with Down syndrome, studies assessing the language development in normal children and children with Down syndrome will be evaluated. By examining the current research, suggestions for parents, educators, and researchers will be given. These recommendations will include how to improve language development in children with Down syndrome, implications for language intervention programs, and the additional research necessary in order to build on current the language development techniques.The comparison between language development in typical children and children with Down syndrome begins in infancy. Steffens, Oller, Lynch, and Urbano (1992) studied early vocalizations in 27 infants who displayed typical development and 13 infants who had Down syndrome. The infants were followed from the ages of 4 to 18 months. All infants had similar birth weights and similar scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. Five of the children with Down syndrome were found to have mild conductive hearing loss. The socioeconomic status, race, and...

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