Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Essay

734 words - 3 pages

Exxon Valdez Oil SpillAmanda HantoverColorado Community CollegeU.S National GovernmentPSCI 100-700Steve MazuranaAugust 06, 20121EXXON VALDEZ OIL SPILL 32Exxon Valdez Oil SpillOn March 24th, 1989 an Exxon Valdez oil tanker spilled 257,000 barrels, an estimated 10.8 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound. Becoming at that time the largest crises in management history as well as one of the most regretted human caused disasters in our society.The Alyeska Pipeline Service Company notified Valdez District Office manager Dan Lawn and a call was made to the coast guard. The governor and the press became informed and took action as well. The process did not go smoothly, each entity passing on the information without action or accountability. Exxon was not prepared for a spill to this magnitude and reluctantly took the role of chief responder. The equipment and technology on Prince William Sound did not provide a full range for containment and the chemical dispersant possibilities had severe limitations. Responders unsure of the effects chemicals would leave behind. In addition time played a huge factor in the use of these chemicals and Exxon allowed time to pass by without action. The burning of oil was used for a short period taking the Exxon's response plan from "containment" to "cleanup". Over 11,000 workers were called to the scene to implement the use of boons and skimmers. Due to inexperience of the workers and the severity of the spill workers used the skimmers and boons incorrectly, resulting in damage to the equipment. Exxon allowed six days to pass without providing the public a statement, this being viewed as insensitive, angering the people from the surrounding area and the country.Exxon spent around $2.5 billion dollars on cleanup efforts and was forced to pay out $1.1 billion in various settlements. A 1994 federal jury also fined Exxon an additional $5 billion for its "recklessness," which Exxon later appealed. This began a series of appeals that took the total fines from $5 billion to 2.5 billion to $507 million over the course of twenty years. In 2008 $151 million was paid out to around 33,000 fishermen and...

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