Ezln In Mexico: A Modern Struggle

1414 words - 6 pages

Throughout Mexico's history, no one outside of Mexico could have imagined how difficult life had been for the poor peasants of Chiapas. These difficulties include limited healthcare, education opportunities, and endless poverty. Through the many struggles to maintain a moderate standard of living, came desperate and organized methods of reform. Some poor of the poor people of Chiapas shifted to a life of crime and unwilling to stand and fight a corrupt government. Others looked for an "organized" revolt that led to the birth of the EZLN (Zapatista National Liberation Army) which emerged publicly on January 1, 1994 with an all out declaration of war against the Mexican government and its Army. This insurgency was born out of five hundred years of frustration (as dictated on the declaration of war script against the Mexican government) to show the world the full discontent that the poor indigenas (indigenous people) of Chiapas felt towards the Mexico's corrupt leadership. As the revolt unfolded, a social development occurred. Suddenly, the Zapatista movement took completely different path from other historic armed conflicts throughout the world, a social event that affected society in a way that the world had never seen before. A "social netwar" was born through this new conflict brought on by the Zapatistas. A netwar came to be the constant use of technology for the benefit of the Zapatistas. Mexico had now become the first known country to experience an all out "technological" support of organizations and countries which rallied in favor of the Zapatistas. The social netwar in Mexico gave new challenges to the Mexican government. Challenges that forced the government to develop new positive methods of negotiating, rather than using all out war tactics such as the student revolt in Mexico City during the 1960's. The social netwar in Mexico also brought new ideas and views for other countries to begin analyzing on how to handle any new armed conflicts with netwar implications. The whole world, but mostly its leaders, have paid close attention to the Zapatista movement to study and understand how the development of a social netwar can affect armed conflict in other countries. Thought the "netwar" may have benefited the Zapatistas, the doors have opened throughout Latin America for other social groups to revolt against their governments and exploit these new social netwar tactics and in turn jeopardizing peace.The case of the Zapatistas shows that the social netwar became a very well organized technological strategy that was fully supported by many people and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) throughout the world. Some of these nonprofit organizations include the Coalition of Non-Governmental Organizations for Peace (CONPAZ) based in San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas which was formed by Mexican human rights groups that were active before January 1994. CONPAZ was formed to promote peace in Chiapas well before the conflict came about....

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