Fables And Fairtales In School: Introduction Of Folk Literature Into The Classroom

1423 words - 6 pages

As a future teacher one hope to offer a classroom with enticing challenges for student on all types of learning styles. Have being interested in folk literature since a child, especially stories about princes on horses, and bad people getting what they deserve in the end. I considered how to approach this topic in the classroom. What are the ways of introducing folk literature in to the classroom? As a teacher, one needs to be aware of the standards and banned books within the district.

Bette Bosma's 1992 book Fairy Tales, Fables, Legends an Myths Using Folk Literature in Your Classrooms, offers both back ground material and relevant teaching ideas that are adaptable to any classroom (1). Bosma believes that folk literature is worth reading, even just for fun.

Bosma says that folk literature is a wealth of treasure that requires that an adult to unlock the beauty and enjoyment for a child. In her book, she emphasizes that guided reading of folk literature will direct attention to the story's structure; this helps the reader become a better reader on his or her own. This structure of a folk tale Bosma feels gives the type of fulfillment to the child's expectations (1). Most folk literature uses problem-solving structure; meaning within the setting and characters, the problem is expressed early on in the story. The story unfolds in a very predictable matter. Such as stories like "The Princess and the Frog", the episodes play out until the problem is solved (5).

Bosma stresses the four main characteristics that help the reader assimilate the folk literature. First, the magic in the tale typically lies within the people and creatures, not in the wishes and dreams. Second is the use of natural wit, intelligence, and good heartedness to outsmart evil. Third, the magical powers are limited they cannot change ones heart, or the state of the world. Lastly, is evil does not win, but gets evil does get what dues it has coming in the end (4).

Bosma states that there are four types of folk tales; fair tales, animal tales, legends, and myths. A fairy tale Bosma describes as an unbelievable tale that includes an enchantment or other supernatural elements that are clearly imaginary. Animal tales Bosma defines as the oldest form of folk literature, where the primary characters are animals that act like people. These tales teach life lesson s (9). Legends, Bosma states are a type of folk tales told as a fact and are presumably believed as true. Legends are set in a historic time and place. They will often state a natural or historical fact within them (12). Myths Bosma defines as folk tales told once as facts that developed a theory of the origin of the world and of humanity. These tales are concerned with creation of the world and origins of natural events (13).

Bosma's definition of a folk tale is very wide; they contain adventure, humor and rich language (1). Bosma communicates how folk tales demonstrate that people through out the...

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