Aspects Of The Practice Of Science That May Prove Useful, Especially In Decision Making

684 words - 3 pages

Just as a scientist conducts researches or experiments in order to arrive with a conclusion, ordinary people also go through some processes, some evaluation or comparison for example, before coming up with a choice or decision.Earlier we have referred to or defined science as a body of knowledge, a "rational inquiry into nature." Our practice of science begins with this definition and goes on with philosophical discussions - concepts of a "scientific world view", scientific paradigms, anomalies, and scientific revolutions. But perhaps central to the practice of science are "methods of science" and the values that these and science itself imparts us. These two aspects are useful and actually applicable to the real or "nonscientific world".We have always been familiar with the scientific method. Definition of the problem, hypothesis, observation, and so on. A closer look at these and how scientists have applied them in actual practice would however give us some new points to consider. For one, there are such things as unstructured experiments. We have been accustomed with step-by-step experiments, those that strictly follow some sort of chronology. This however is not really the case since it cannot be helped for an experiment to actually cover more than one problem (and thus lead to several if not unintended discoveries or conclusions). Further and as the Philosopher of Science Paul Fayerabend suggests with his "Against Method", there really is no (particular) method, as prescribed "official" methods would unduly hold back scientific progress. Another point is that dreams, imaginations, or lucky guesses can actually play important roles in scientific researches and experiments.And then there is also the concept of peer reviews among scientists and experimentalists. Via this peer review scientists are able to scrutinize (or check, in simpler terms) one another's work, thus ensuring the quality and value of their works or researches. Experiments and perhaps proposed theories are "screened" even before publication; the publication itself then becomes an even more effective screening process when...

Find Another Essay On Aspects of the practice of science that may prove useful, especially in decision-making

Evaluate the role of the media in tourist decision-making.

1439 words - 6 pages of the media in tourist decision-making. It believes that the media contributes the images which are the interface between the tourist and the destination. Whilst, it also emphasises that media-provided images increase tourists' awareness and create motivation in tourist decision-making progress. Key tourism components of destination image, image formation and destination decision-making are presented to support the notions. To reinforce, the

Different Aspects Of Science Essay

947 words - 4 pages Everything has matter. Matter makes up everything in the universe. Matter is anything that has volume or mass. I will be discussing the details of matter and other topics of science.All matter has all four general properties. They are mass, weight, volume, and density. The most important property of matter is mass. Mass is how much stuff, or matter, there is in any given object. Mass is the reason an object has, the second property, weight. When

Model of employee involvements in decision making.

1038 words - 4 pages for me because there were some parts that I was not very skilled at. I had to make a decision on whether I should hold another meeting to talk about the distribution of work and re-assign these critical parts to the persons who knew more about it than I.Causal AnalysisThe model that I will be using to analyze these events is the model of employee involvements in decision making. The model will explain that the level of employee involvement in

The Impact of Ethics on Decision Making

1485 words - 6 pages evaluate your ethical values.The Impact of Ethics on Decision-MakingDefining the ElementsAn ethically defensible decision is one that has been well thought out and looked at from all possible angles. All possible angles include everyone involved including but not limited to employees, stakeholders, and other organizations. Also, when making ethically sound decisions, it may help to look at possible solutions in terms of what good the decision

The Impact of Ethics on Decision-Making

1337 words - 5 pages The Impact of Ethics on Decision-MakingDefining the ElementsAn ethically defensible decision is one that has been well thought out and looked at from all possible angles. All possible angles include everyone involved including but not limited to employees, stakeholders, and other organizations. Also, when making ethically sound decisions, it may help to look at possible solutions in terms of what good the decision will bring about, and also what

The Social Side of Decision Making

643 words - 3 pages The organizations workers are suffering from a combination of decision making theories. The most prominent ones are conformity and groupthink. Conformity is seen in that the members work by adhering to the average instructions given by the boss.In a theory of conformity an endogenous mechanism is responsible for establishing social norms i.e. social preferences cause behavior that is conformist in nature. Convergent behavior is seen in economic

The Effects of Values on Decision Making

1022 words - 4 pages The Effects of Values on Decision Making The purpose of this paper is to examine how personal, organizational, and cultural values affect decision making in my personal and professional life. My cultural, organizational and personal values represent my beliefs and traditions of my cultural environment. Through my research, I examined values and based them on how important they are within my personal, organizational, work, and cultural

Decision Making: The Power of Analytics

1597 words - 6 pages occurs without leaving a mark.”(Davenport, 2006) In addition, business intelligence software is needed as well. It is required for businesses to use retrieve, examine, and distribute data, all in the interests of better decision making. Computing hardware is also a tool required. As time progresses analytics competitors must keep aware of changes in the technological world. A good example of this would be for them to have computer hardware that is

The Importance of Ethical Decision Making

969 words - 4 pages that formulate them to feel awful when they get involved in the wrongdoings, most of the people normally enjoy doing bad things. Ethical decision-making And frequently people will feel uncomfortable when they are mandated to decide on difficult decisions. For instance, the ethical options the police officer patrolling a remote area near the coast line during a fast approaching storm and tidal surge, who receives an urgent radio message to

Applying the D.E.C.I.D.E Model of Decision Making

1854 words - 7 pages This paper explores the legal, ethical and moral issues of three healthcare colleagues by applying the D-E-C-I-D-E model as a foundation of decision making as found in Thompson, Melia, and Boyd (2006). Issues explored will be those of the actions of registered nurse (RN) John, his fiancé and also registered nurse (RN) Jane and the Director of Nursing (DON) Ms Day. Specific areas for discussion include the five moral frameworks, autonomy

Law and Morality. Speaks of the dilemma of making a decision that someone must die in order for the others to survive. Explains and justifies the decision by using legal tools such as Law and Moralit

2117 words - 8 pages It is not an everyday occurrence that someone must decide the fate of another's life. The dilemma of making a decision that someone must die in order for the others to survive, can obviously be troubling. The process in which the termination of one's life may be easy to make, but to justify that decision is the most difficult one. This paper is given a situation in which a decision of taking one's life is essential. The situation is that a

Similar Essays

Define Enterprise Resources Planning System (Er Ps). Critically Evaluate The Statement " Erps Are Useful For Management Accouting And Enhance Decision Making".

2683 words - 11 pages . (Loadstone, 2003). Subsequently, people may have faster access to the information so that it enhances facilitating decision-making.However, to implement and maintain an ERP system can be costly. As Brakely says "the financial burden of implementing an ERP system can be staggering."(1999, cited in Hayes et al., 2001). Another major cause of the failure of an ERP system is its difficulty in adapting to particular workflow and business process of some

The Process Of Decision Making Essay

1250 words - 5 pages the problems, gather and evaluate data, list and evaluate alternatives, select best action, implement the decision and getter feedback (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). First step in decision making process is identifying the problems. As McShane and Von Glinow (2000) stated, a problem can be defined as abnormality in present and preferred situation that happen in an organization. The actual process of decision making starts from problem

Ombudsman's Contribution To The Task Of Ensuring That Government Decision Making Is Conducted In A Defensible Way

973 words - 4 pages exceptions); the concept of maladministration being relatively narrow and being linked to injustice suffered as a result of a decision; a significant number of matters fall outside his jurisdiction- a survey by the Select Committee shows that the advantages of retaining the filter system outweigh the disadvantages. It may, therefore, be concluded that Ombudsman makes a significant contribution to the task of ensuring that government decision-making is conducted in defensible ways and produces defensible results.

The Role Of Perception In The Decision Making Process Essay

2065 words - 8 pages The Role of Perception in the Decision-Making ProcessWhat is perception? How can a person's perception of others impact an organization's behavior? What are the positive and negative effects of using perceptive shortcuts when judging others? How are decisions in real world organizations actually made? How can our perceptions shape ethical or moral decisions? These are the questions that will be attempted to be answered in this essay.According to