This article is a reflection on a study with a dual purpose, in which the stability of parenting amongst abusive parents were examined. Over a three year period, Haskett, Neupert, & Okado (2013) examined children who were between preschool and their first grade years. Haskett et.al (2013) also chose to study the predicting factors which encouraged the rates of change in parenting behavior. Parental life stress, depression, socioeconomic status and race were examined as possible predictors for abusive parenting.
Haskett et.al (2013) mentioned a previous study in 1996 by Kolko who “collected weekly measures of parenting during treatment of abusive parents to identify predictors of treatment success and failure” (Haskett et. al). Kolko found that the parents who found their children were difficult to manage continued to use excessive force. Kolko's study was conducted in 1996, but yet it is still relevant in today’s society. Parents who may have received ...view middle of the document...
By using an multilevel modeling, that Hackett et. al (2013), “explored within and between-person differences in trajectories of parenting behavior” (p. 264). The authors expected parenting to be guided by predicting factors: present depressive symptoms in the parent, child’s behavioral problems, parental life stress, socioeconomic status, ethnicity and the child’s gender. “We also explored whether those factors would predict change in parenting over time” (Hackett et. al p.264).
A history of physical abuse was used to select participants for this study. Hackett et. al (2013) chose participants, in which documented physical abuse had taken place within a year prior before enrolling. This specificity, allowed for 92 children, between four and seven years old, and their parents to participate. The families who volunteered to for the study, received a letter in the mail from a social worker with Child Protection Services (CPS). Those who received the letter for enrollment were notified of CPS’s non involvement with the study. It wouldn’t be disclosed to CPS those involved in the study and information referencing their participation.
The study measured Parenting Behavior through: Observed Parenting, Parents Self-Report of Parenting, and Child’s Report of Parenting. Predictors of Change Over Time was measured through: Life Stressors, Parental Depressive Symptoms, Parents Perception of Child’s Behavior and Demographic Factors.
Twenty-four minute parent child interactions were used for Observed Parenting. Hackett et. al (2013), used the standards of past studies of parenting. The first task was to play with age appropriate materials in a room for seven minutes. Second task involved the parents instructing the children, by asking, to clean up the materials that were used, draw a person, and to sit quietly while the parents read a magazine. The final task required the parents to help their child complete an age appropriate puzzle, without touching the puzzle pieces. Preschool Parenting Measure, consisting of eighteen items, was used for the Parents Self-Report of Parenting. Parents were to use a four point scale with the indicated items, which represented and reflected their parenting style.
For the Child Report of Parenting portion a Child Puppet Interview consisting of seventeen items.