This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Factors Associated With Non Condom Use Among Homosexuals

1924 words - 8 pages

There are several literatures discussing the importance of condoms in prevention of sexually transmitted diseases; the findings and conclusions of these studies were more or less similar especially among the young population. The youth represent the cohort with a substantial risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infection (Bull, S et al, 2012). Although the risk of acquiring such infections is common among heterosexual couples, male to male sexual behaviour has been considered as the primary risk factor for STIs, especially human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (Geibel et al, 2010). The behavior of men who have sex with men (MSM) and their sexual activities are well documented in several literatures; however, there has been little interventions done by authorities to prevent transmission due to its socially unacceptable nature and the cultural beliefs attached to it. This is highly related to the existing stigma and lack of representation of this group in the society. In this sense, young men who have sex with men resort to ‘experimental means’ of avoiding acquiring sexually transmitted infections, which may include the incorrect use of condom as a preventive measure. In fact, condoms have been considered as the only ‘tool’ that can be used men in the prevention of most sexually transmitted infections, including HIV.
Condoms have gained popularity as the most common contraceptive use for protection from certain types of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS; however, many people still choose to have unprotected sexual intercourse. Statistics form UNAIDS (2012) shows that there were 35.3 million people living with HIV (PLWH), and since the start of the epidemic around 75 million have become infected. Among these people, gays, bisexuals, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are more severely affected by HIV than any other group, according to Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
There are different theoretical explanations on the relationship of behavior and other variables that influence a certain outcome of actions. These theories are helpful to have an intimate understanding of the youth and condom use. One of these is the Theory of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior (Fishbien et al., 2001). The theory is consistent with the attitudes and perceptions influencing condom use. It postulates that behaviors are greatly influenced by many factors, which include previous behaviors, control beliefs, and intentions. These in turn are influenced by skills and situational control, peer norms, attitudes regarding perceived benefits and risks, and personal values (Harawa et al., 2006).
Jessor (2001) proposes a broad-band and widely used theory to explain the dysfunction and maladaptation in adolescence, this is called the Problem Behavior Theory. Problem behavior hypothesizes that risk behavior usually results from the interaction of the three systems, these are the personality, environment or situation, and behaviors aligned...

Find Another Essay On Factors Associated with Non-Condom Use among Homosexuals

The Risks Associated With Alcohol Use and Alcoholism

3843 words - 15 pages effective results. Social interactions slowly are viewed negatively, because the fear that people will find out about their use and push them to abstained from drinking. Their relationships with other are further hindered by their aggressive attitude, “People with alcohol dependency compared to non-alcoholics are more frequently involved in scandals and fights” (Onciu & Pacala, 2013). The person essentially changes as a result of the mind

Factors Associated with 3-Year Stability and Change in Parenting Behavior of Abusive Parents

630 words - 3 pages This article is a reflection on a study with a dual purpose, in which the stability of parenting amongst abusive parents were examined. Over a three year period, Haskett, Neupert, & Okado (2013) examined children who were between preschool and their first grade years. Haskett (2013) also chose to study the predicting factors which encouraged the rates of change in parenting behavior. Parental life stress, depression, socioeconomic status

b) Several studies cite top management commitment as one of the key factors associated with project success. Why?

682 words - 3 pages policies and business processes. If this isn’t done, then a team may repeat mistakes that have already occurred. Top management make sure the strong project closure. Strong closure is important in the project. If a project does not have strong closure, it has the potential to continue the consume resources. The project team need to agree with the customer that all critical success factors have been met by them. Besides that, the confirmation of the

has traditionally been defined as the illegal hunting, killing or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights

1356 words - 6 pages usually associated with either killing for fun, or to make money off of the black market. “We’re not talking about ligate hunters who ethically and legally pursue exceptional big-game animals” (Poaching). Just as stated in the quote many of these “hunters” are not at all hunters, they love to get the prize but never legally. Also people will take illegal game and sell the most sought after organs on the animal on the black market and get big money

What film techniques do the film makers use in ‘Remember the Titans’ to convey issues associated with racism and friendship? To what extent are these techniques effective in communicating this to a...

1069 words - 4 pages Task 4 - Remember the TitansWhat film techniques do the film makers use in 'Remember the Titans' to convey issues associated with racism and friendship? To what extent are these techniques effective in communicating this to a range of audiences?The raging unexpected success of Boaz Yakin's Remember the Titans, made it clear this was a film that would not be forgotten. When T.C Williams High is integrated in 1971 and the new African American head

Problems Associated With Children's Use of Video Game

823 words - 4 pages turn on the device and wait for the game to load. Once the game is loaded, the kids are hooked. The kids see only a game, and there is no harm done in just playing war games. Hours are lost where the kids could be with their brothers, sisters or their friends going out, doing something such as running around playing tag, or riding to the nearby park, or playing on the playground. They will play a game for countless hours, neglecting to do their

The early 1900's, who were the scientists associated with Uniformitarianism and Catastrophism and what evidence did they use to bolster their arguments?

698 words - 3 pages The scientists associated with the debate over the interpretation of the geological record were:·Scottish geologist James Hutton·Another Scotsman, John Playfair,Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory "(1802)·Abraham Gottlob Werner, a German geologist·French naturalist G. L. Cuvier·English geologist Sir Charles Lyell·HumboldtUniformitarianism, in geology, was first advanced by Scottish geologist James

Hypothesis Identification Article Analysis

758 words - 3 pages ., commitment to use condoms, labeling one's behavior as risky for HIV infection), high levels of positive condom attitudes were associated with higher levels of condom use (Catania, et al., 1994). In a cross-sectional study of behavioral, psychological, and gender issues in relation to HIV prevention among high-risk African American women, found that negative attitudes about condoms were significantly associated with nonuse of condoms among the


1738 words - 7 pages communication and assumptions that condoms are for use in extramarital relationships and with prostitutes; lack of availability of condoms, including policies that prohibit condom distribution to youth; and lack of confidence in the reliability of condoms themselves. To make condoms more acceptable and more widely used, all of these issues should be addressed. Factors affecting the acceptability of condoms can be thought of as a series of concentric

HIV African American

2295 words - 9 pages life while being sexual active. In comparison, the Social cognitive theory (SCT) describes the ongoing process in which personal, environmental, and behavior factors influence upon each other. The social environment can examine peer attitudes, influences on adolescents’ condom use. The behavior can examine one’s safe sex intention towards a positive attitude for condoms usage. Since among adolescent, Afro- American males constitute 37 percent

Condom Distribution in Schools

1330 words - 5 pages students having sex, but increases condom usage among those already having it. Therefore there is nothing wrong about condom distribution since it has been proven to be positive among teens in the United States.Condom availability programs have met with strong reactions and have been associated with a wide range of expectation "fears of increases of sexual activity generally were not born out, nor did students develop more favorable attitudes toward

Similar Essays

Attitudes Toward Condom Use Among Women

1477 words - 6 pages sex workers (CSW). Thirty-three percent of participants reported using condoms during their latest sexual activity with a male (57% stated that their latest sexual partner was a male client) (Fritz, 1998). The authors also found that the greatest predictor of condom use among participants in this study were associated with commercial sex with a client; given that CSWs are more likely to use condoms during sexual intercourse with clients; if they

The Factors Associated With Adolescent Depression

1974 words - 8 pages especially noted that the emotion a girl goes through during puberty contributes to some degree of depression (Silberg, Pickles, Rutter, Hewitt, Simonoff, Maes, Carbonneau, Murrell, Foley, Eaves 1999).Before I begin discussing these factors associated with depression. I want to give some idea of what it is like to for adolescents to suffer from depression. Adolescents and anyone, who has suffered from depression, may have had the feeling that they

Risk Factors Associated With Behavioural Disorders

1148 words - 5 pages suggested by Bachmann et al (2003) following a study researching risk factors associated with stereotypical behaviours. Bachmann et al found that there was an increased frequency of crib biting when forage was provided four times a day, compared to horses fed less often therefore suggesting the relation to stress of waiting for food; however on the other hand feeding ad libitum forage could take away food anticipation, thus the possibility of

Eradicating Social Factors Associated With Mental Illness

1291 words - 6 pages Mental illness is seriously misunderstood in society due to institutions that govern us. Social forces such as economics, environment, media, and family all have an influential impact on mental illness as they are the main factors as to how individuals are socialized growing up. Individuals with a mental disorder, most commonly depressive or substance abuse disorder, commit most suicides (more than 90 percent) in the United States (National