Factors Contributing to Poverty
There are many factors that aid the prevalence of poverty. Firstly, it is difficult to
assess these causes because the word ‘poverty’ can be very subjective and difficult to
define. In attempting to define what poverty is, one would suggest having a lack of
income and resources not consistent with the requirements of the poverty line. Three
factors that play major roles as causes of poverty would be having a lack of education,
systemic discrimination, and inequities based on a capitalist system. This paper will look at ways in which these causes can be combated and at the same time evaluated in regards to it’s positive and negative aspects.
Education has long been a problem in society, because the lack of this essential
tool of survival doesn’t allow for growth of any sort. It is a known fact that the risk of poverty usually decreases as people get more schooling. Poor education can be either a
cause of poverty or an effect. Young people who drop out of school may be poor because
they lack the required skills needed to get good jobs, therefore adding to a system that
forces them to only be able to live in low-income, economically starving areas.
Moreover, education is a basic requirement in order to climb a hierarchy of income in our
society, so uneducated people are forced to become content with their surroundings.
Systemic discrimination can be said to be a form of institutional injustice that
depends on this quiet oppression in order to maintain a history of past dominance. There
are many types of barriers that are not openly blatant and are in place so that minorities don’t get the opportunity to overcome these obstacles. As a result, many minorities including women cannot overcome ranks in the workforce and are left with the lower paying jobs. Furthermore, legislation in the Canadian government helps provide a
structure for these proceedings, for example laws that were passed as a result of affirmative action programs might be said to be unjust and unconstitutional.
Canada operates under a capitalist system so it should really be no wonder as to
why poverty really exists in this country. It is necessary to have poverty in order to
support capitalism. Failure in our system would result in poverty and therefore this sadly, becomes an incentive to become exceedingly wealthy and rich. Subsequently, greed and selfishness becomes prominent even though it results in some people being extremely
above the poverty line, and others being extremely below the line. If a person lacks the
necessary resources to compete in this free enterprise, they will surely become failures
and live under the poverty line. In this type of economic system it becomes a race for
dominance and survival of the fittest, thus creating a major gap between the successful in society and the unsuccessful. Overall, poverty in Canada can definitely be attributed to capitalism among many other things.