This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Factors Involved For Growth In A Baby, Before And After Birth.

1094 words - 4 pages

There are several categories of factors, which can affect growth in babies, whilst in the womb and after they are born.It is true that growth can be directly affected, and I will describe how in the sections below.For a baby to be born small for gestational age (SGA), or to fail to develop in the womb, various factors might be named in causing this, some of which would include:Maternal factors:High blood pressureChronic kidney diseaseAdvanced diabetesHeart or respiratory diseaseMalnutrition, anemiaInfectionSubstance use (alcohol, drugs)Cigarette smokingFactors involving the uterus and placenta:Decreased blood flow in the uterus and placentaPlacental abruption (placenta detaches from the uterus)Placenta previa (placenta attaches low in the uterus)Infection in the tissues around the fetusFactors related to the developing baby (fetus):Multiple gestationInfectionBirth defectsChromosomal abnormalityFetal growth- Intrauterine growth retardationIUGR Intrauterine growth retardation associated with placental dysfunction tends to occur later in pregnancy. (2)The fetus does not receive enough oxygen or nutrients during pregnancy, overall body and organs growth is limited, and tissue and organ cells may not grow as large or as numerous. Utero-placental and umbilical blood flow can be important factors, as can the transfer of glucose through the placenta or the production of fetal insulin. This can occur with toxaemia of pregnancy (also called pre-eclampsia). It also is very common in twins, triplets and higher order multiples. In the case of multiples, it may be due to unequal placental separation or from blood vessel connections between twins. (9)Fatty acidsIn a very recent study of essential fatty acids at birth, showed that placental function is important in the transfer of some fatty acids from mother to fetus, and that these fatty acid levels were correlated with fetal growth and maturation in the premature infants they studied. (1)Excess consumption of alcoholThere is a continuum of effects that can result from maternal prenatal consumption of alcohol (Fetal alcohol syndrome) Babies can be born at low birth weight, birth length, and with a small head circumference resulting from this. (6) P243Drug takingWhen a mother is a drug addict, babies can also be born small and short, deprived of nutrients and oxygen and poisoined through this. The same can be said of cigarettes and the damage it does to placental blood vessels. (6) P243Malnutrition in mother or bad dietThere are many studies that have established a clinical link between fetal size and maternal nutrition. Godfrey et al found "...that placental and fetal size at birth are associated with the mother's intakes of carbohydrate and protein. (3)Crawford and Wynn in a series of papers showed a relationship between sub-optimal nutrition and reduced birthweight. They also indicated that mothers whose infants' birthweights wereIt is now apparent that maternal nutritional status, pre-conception body...

Find Another Essay On Factors involved for growth in a baby, before and after birth.

The Contributing Factors to Being a Good Leader When Involved in Racket Team and Individual Activities

1156 words - 5 pages The Contributing Factors to Being a Good Leader When Involved in Racket Team and Individual Activities In this essay I will look at what makes a good leader? Different styles of leadership and how you will have to change your leadership styles to suit different activities. There are a lot of things that you need to become a good leader. For example you have to be: * A good communicator * Respected

Passchendaele: Before And After Essay

823 words - 3 pages Passchendaele, Before and After Passchendaele could be described as one of the most controversial battles of World War I. Difficulties arose through a dispute between the British generals and politicians, all of whom had a different idea on the strategy of war. The actual necessity or futility of the battle is still disputed to this very day. Officially named the Third Battle of Ypres, Passchendaele took place several miles north of the town of

Before and After

943 words - 4 pages efforts the court dismissed most of the claims brought against the city, essentially deciding the case in favor of the same. This was but six months before the terrible Ala Wai spill. Interestingly, a year after the spill the court granted the Sierra Club’s motion for reconsideration. At this point the CCH continued to violate Clean Water Act provisions as well as remained in noncompliance with provisions of the 1995 Consent Degree. On top of

Before and After Christianity

828 words - 4 pages Before and after the rise of Christianity, philosophers depended largely on developing axioms and using them to draw conclusions about the world. Before Christianity, the axioms were typically based on what was apparent to human reason. After Christianity became widespread, thinkers had to contend with a new source of knowledge- one based on faith rather than on what appeared self-evident to the human mind. Early Christians justified their

Sperm Travel Essay - A brief essay about the journey of a sperm, the glands and hormones involved in reproduction, and how a baby is born

884 words - 4 pages membrane that is filled with amniotic fluid that absorbs some shock and regulates the body temperature of the embryo. The chorion is a membrane that surrounds the amniotic sac and embryo. About two weeks after fertilization, chorionic villi begin to from off of the chorion and grow into the uterine wall, which then forms the placenta. The placenta is what delivers nutrients to the embryo. By the eighth week of pregnancy, the embryo is referred to as a fetus. Most of the fetus's body growth occurs in the second trimester. The fetus starts to move around the seventh month, and its eyes open around the eighth month. The baby is soon born.

Biological Factors involved in Stress

1709 words - 7 pages , losing a job, death of a family member) seem to be correlated with the circulation of epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and glucocorticoids (Pinel, 2006). To conclude, the purpose of this essay was to describe biological factors implicated in stress response. As shown above, we offered explanations for how mechanisms whereby a threat can exert effects on the cardiovascular system, behaviour, hippothalamic or immune response

Developing Countries: A Low Weight Birth Baby

1556 words - 7 pages less than two thousand and five hundred grams (5.5 pounds). Birth weight is the first weight of the fetus or newborn obtained after birth. For live births, birth weight should preferably be measured within the first hour of life, before significant postnatal weight loss has occurred. As world Health Organization (WHO) mentioned, the mortality risk of a that baby is greater than twenty times than a normal baby. This situation is more common in

Receiving an Education Before and After having a Child

741 words - 3 pages if high school when I was sixteen,and three months in I found out I was pregnant.About three months after that life was pretty complicated for me and although I regret it now I dropped out of high school.It wasn't until a year later when Emily,my daughter, was six months old that I decided school actually had a purpose,but time and silence was not what it used to be.   Before I thought school was a waste of time.Now since I had my daughter she

Change in South Africa Before and After 1994

2860 words - 12 pages Introduction The following article will focus on change in South Africa before and after 1994 and the disorganisation which it brought to South Africans. South Africa went through a serious of transitions in technology, ecology, the career world, economic progress, norms and value system and in the social and political framework, Prinsloo (1998). Change is mostly seen as a threat; as something negative and as something which is hard to adapt to

Comparing the Gothic Revival in England Before and After 1820

1093 words - 4 pages Comparing the Gothic Revival in England Before and After 1820 The Gothic revival in England before and after 1820 was very different in many ways. Before the start of the Gothic revival the mediaeval style, since the last Gothic structure in 1509 of Henry VII ’s chapel, was seen as irrational and illogical and as one man described it as barbaric. This was one of the main causes that the mediaeval buildings of the 18th century fell into

Perceptions of Race in Cuba Before and After the Revolution

1621 words - 6 pages leader in 1959. Castro embarks on a revolution (Marcus, 2013) that dramatically alters the lives of the black citizens socially and economically. Through time, globalization, and the revolution, meanings and perceptions of race and race relations in Cuba changes, specifically in education, job opportunities, and social status. PRE-REVOLUTION Before the revolution, Cuba operates under a capitalist system (Marcus, 2013), which leads to an

Similar Essays

Factors To Consider Before And After Having A Baby

1159 words - 5 pages There are many factors in which parents need to take into consideration before and after your baby is born that can affect their health. There are certain precautions every parent must take in order to keeping their child healthy. The first years of a child’s life (including in the womb) is very crucial to the child’s physical, mental, emotional, and social growth. Some of the resulting defects a child may have resulting from the

Population Growth Before And After World War Ii

625 words - 3 pages ​“Given the serious worldwide dilemmas posed by population growth, why should we consider low fertility rate a problem?”(pg 340). I think this question raises a big concern for the human species in general. If the number of people on this earth is declining, that isn't necessarily positive. It is exceptional to mention that population studies weren’t that widespread before the Second war. People weren’t involved regarding however a population

"Prayer Before Birth" By Louise Macneice And "Baby Song" By Thom Gunn

1131 words - 5 pages familiar womb.Written in the form of a prayer, the "Prayer Before Birth" addresses God as its audience but the poet's intention is really to decry the horrors of abortion to the reader. The poem takes on a troubled tone of one who is facing death sentence. The effects of its tone are made stronger through the use of the first person in the impotent unborn baby to dramatize the fact that it is alive and not given a choice for its life. Each stanza

Hormones Involved In Birth And Lactation

1043 words - 4 pages the uterus, which in turn stimulates more oxytocin production leading to further rapid contractions until the baby is born (parturition). A synthetic form of this hormone oxytocin can be given to induce labour or speed up contractions. Progesterone & oestrogen are also responsible during pregnancy for growth of the mammary glands in readiness for milk production. After the birth the message (release factor) sent to