Factors Leading To The Support Of The Nazi Party

1810 words - 7 pages

Factors Leading to the Support of the Nazi Party
In the elections of May 1928 the N.S.D.A.P. polled only 2.6% and yet
by September 1930 the N.S.D.A.P. became the second largest party in
the Reichstag. Explain how the Nazi Party achieved this electoral
breakthrough.

There are a number of important issues which demonstrate the reasons
why the Nazi Party gained support and eventual power. Hitler Joined
forces with the D.N.V.P. in hope of becoming more popular in a time
when Germany was at its most vunerable. Hitler had strong public
speaking abilities and as Germany was in a state of unrest socially,
economically and politically after their unexpected defeat in world
war one, Hitler used this to his advantage in winning over the German
people. He targeted the Mittelstand (Middleclass) for votes in the
coming elections as due to hyperinflation they had lost their savings
and were most discontented and although the Nazi’s only polled 2.6% in
May 1928, Hitler had strong support from the north west (10%) and was
preparing behind the scenes for when Germany was less affluent and
even less stable. The Wall Street Crash also contributed to the
success the Nazis had in the elections after 1929.

The stigma that surrounded the Nazi’s working class image would become
less important due to their association with Alfred Hugenberg.
Hugenberg was elected leader of the D.N.V.P., German Nationalists
party in October 1928. Hitler was to benefit significantly by gaining
support from the D.N.V.P., it gave him and his party a more
conservative respectable image as the D.N.V.P. were already a well
established party. The parties had much in common and worked well
together, they also shared similar political views. The closer links
between the N.S.D.A.P. and the D.N.V.P gave Hitler the publicity he
needed as Hugenberg was a respected and wealthy business man who had
the support of the conservatives and the industrialists. Hugenberg
helped fund the N.S.D.A.P.’s election campaigns and gave Hitler access
to his cinema and newspaper network. As a result of their work
together Hitler became a household name and more Germans were aware of
who he was and what the Nazi’s were promising.

Hugenberg became more extremist after the D.N.V.P.’s poor election

results in May 1928 (From 20.5% in 1924 to 14.2%in 1928) and he
invited the Nazi’s to help him organise a referendum for a law which
would reject

the Young Plan and force the Weimar government to stop paying
reparations. Although the campaign was a failure an agreement was made
to conclude payments of reparations to the sum of 3000 million marks
at the Lausanne Conference in June 1932. This was never paid

The Young Plan’s content set a timescale...

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