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Factors Of Rebellion In The 13 American Colonies

833 words - 3 pages

In the late 1700s, tensions ran high between Britain and the 13American colonies, which led to events such as the Boston "Massacre", andthe Boston Tea Party. Britain's angry response to these events furtheredthe indignation of the colonials against the British, which ultimately ledto the Revolutionary War in the colonies. Among the factors for rebellionthe resentment of parliamentary taxation, restriction of civil liberty,British military measures, and the legacy of American religious andpolitical ideas.One of the many factors of the rebellion was the resentment againstparliamentary taxes such as the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was imposed uponthe colonies to help pay for war debts incurred by Great Britain after theFrench and Indian war since it was for the colonies' protection the war waswaged. The Stamp Act was hated in the colonies not because the colonistshad to pay the money but mostly because the colonists believed that onlytheir colony legislatures had the authority to levy taxes on the colonists.To protest the tax, many people boycotted British goods and sometimestarred and feathered tax collectors. The boycott against British goodsmade a dent in the British economy. Pressured by merchants the Parliamentreluctantly repealed the tax. Although the tax was repealed, it madeAmericans suspicious of Britain's motives. The Stamp Act was the firstmajor event that affected all colonists unlike the Navigational Acts thataffected only a minority of the colonial population.The restriction of civil liberties also was a cause of the AmericanRevolution. One of the most important acts that restricted the civilliberty of Americans was the Quartering Act. This act required thecolonists to board British troops and provide them with provisions ifnecessary. The act also required colonial governments to pay forstationing troops in the colonies. The act aroused mass discontent becausethe taxes which colonists paid to the colonial government was used to payfor the luxury of redcoats who were of no use in the colonies since theFrench had been expelled from the continent in the French and Indian War.Another act was aroused the fury of colonists was the "Intolerable Acts," apart of that act closed the Boston Harbor until damages for the Boston TeaParty were paid. The act also forbade any Town Meetings by people unlessthe Royal Governor gave permission. The colonists took offense at the actsbecause the acts not only hit the economic structure of the MassachusettsBay Colony (by shutting off Boston harbor) but also because hurt therepublican values (on which most colonies prided themselves upon) by havinga royal governor rule the colony.In addition to parliamentary taxation and restriction of civil rights,Britain's military measures also hastened the...

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