This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Factors Shaping Recycling Habits Essay

2543 words - 10 pages

Factors Shaping Recycling Habits

The United States generates more solid waste each year than any than any other nation. The total cost of disposing of this waste has reached nearly $75 billion annually. Only 17% of the municipal solid waste is recycled in the United States, compared with 40% in Japan and up to 60% in some Western European countries (Oskamp et al., 1995). America's landfill system for disposing of this waste is quickly reaching its limits, and managing this waste is becoming increasingly costly and problematic. There are two solutions available for this problem: reduce the amount of waste originally generated or to increase recycling (Porter et al., 1995). In focusing on the second solution to this problem, I have chosen to investigate how factors such as a person's age, income, gender, education, region and that region's environmental public policy affect their attitudes and behaviors towards recycling.
A key to understanding how these factors affect a person's attitudes and behaviors towards recycling is to determine how strongly their behaviors are dependant on their attitudes. Concern about the environment has been identified, as measured in public opinion polls, as a concern of a clear majority of the American public (Guagnano & Markee, 1995). However, since the 1970's the connection between proenvironmental attitudes and recycling attitudes has fallen to statistically insignificant levels. Because more people are recycling today, and doing so for more reasons than just altruistic concern for the environment, the relationship between general environmental concern and recycling seems to have diminished or disappeared (Schultz et al., 1995).
Because of this lack of correlation we cannot use general environmental concern as a predictor of recycling behavior. However, relevant specific attitudes have consistently been found to correlate with recycling behavior. Research findings regarding the relationship between recycling attitudes and recycling behaviors have been generally consistent with general attitude-behavior theories, showing a significant, though relatively small relationship (Schultz et al., 1995). In explaining what ideas other than pure environmentalism shape people's recycling attitudes Huhtala sites reasons given in his surveys which were not purely environmental. Recycling was also seen to represent "a viable alternative for a throw-away society's wasteful lifestyle" (1999).
In addition to the growing number of materials being recycled today, there have been changes in the typical types of recycling programs, from short-term campaigns and drop off programs, to voluntary curb-side collection, and later to community wide recycling, with recycled materials either being separated by the household or commingled (placed in a single container, rather than separated by type).
Despite procedural differences, most recycling programs have one thing in common -- reliance on individual participation (Shultz et...

Find Another Essay On Factors Shaping Recycling Habits

Health Promotion Essay

1806 words - 8 pages -regulations. The third step is the environmental controls which support the goals, social interactions which are needed to support the changes or habits (Ewart, 2009). Structural Model of Health Behavior The structural model of behavior focuses the environmental factors of the behavior which brings necessary changes. Four categories of the environmental factors are viewed in shaping health behaviors which are discussed in detail. Availability or

Benefits of Online Class Registration System

1523 words - 7 pages . Computers contain many toxic substances, including beryllium, brominated flame re-tardants, cadmium, lead, mercury, and selenium. As a result, electronic manufacturing employees and suppliers at all steps along the supply chain and in the manufacturing process are at risk of unhealthy exposure. It is impossible to ensure safe recycling or disposal, so it is thought to be best to eliminate the use of toxic substances. Although, recycling companies

Food and Culture

2663 words - 11 pages food selection. Things like television, newspaper, magazines and Internet are being used extensively today. The role of media in shaping food habits is a controversial one. As an impersonal communication channel is more effective in conveying information than in active persuasion some claim that mass media impact is limited simply to making people aware of what is available. This implies that advertising only affects those who are already inclined

The American Diet

1204 words - 5 pages minimum of from-scratch ingredients, and relies heavily upon pre-prepared frozen, canned, and other food items” (Hayes 120). According to Ross Hayes, “as a result of time-pressed lifestyles, the major factors that drive eating habits seem to be time and money. If a meal is not cheap, it better be quick, and vice versa.” (Hayes 124). Evidently, the time available to prepare food is a surging influence on foods consumed at meal times. Hence speed

Behavioral Theory of Personality: B.F. Skinner

1709 words - 7 pages that our environment dictates our personality. If we want to change traits in ourselves that are negative, then we need to alter our environment (Sincero, 2012). Behaviorists also feel that are personality is established by these learned responses, which help individuals develop habits. These habits become so ingrained in people that individuals start to engage in them automatically, which leads to patterns of behavior that form one’s personality

shaping the mprden world

955 words - 4 pages Shaping the modern worldThe way we live now and the way our ancestors lived were completely different. Back in the day there were no such things as phones, the internet or a lot of things that we use every day. All types of things like being able to use electricity, living somewhere other than a farm, drive a car, drink tap water are all thanks to the industrial revolution. There were all sorts of thing happening branching of the industrial

Corporate Social Responsibility: Green Information Technology

7404 words - 30 pages recycling, while one of the biggest interests remains in the amount of elec- tricity used by computers and related IT equipment[1]. Emerging environmental issues have changed many aspects of how businesses operate. Many business are altering their practices in order to comply with regulations and policies regarding environmental responsibility. It is clear that IT has been largely contributing to environmental problems, even though these

Discuss how the six macro-environments (demographic, economic, natural, technological, political, and social/cultural) forces may affect the marketing of a drink or food company

1409 words - 6 pages and other markets: countries also vary in ethnic and racial makeup. At one extreme is Japan, where almost everyone is Japanese; at the other is the United States, where people from come virtually all nations. Each group has certain specific wants and buying habits. Several food, clothing, and furniture companies have directed their products and promotions to one or more of these groups.Pepsi-Cola: since there will be more older people and Pepsi

Pass the Salt, Please!

1069 words - 4 pages pumped back up to the surface where the water is removed through a heat process in a vacuum evaporator. This process yields evaporated salt, the purest of all salts: almost 100% pure sodium chloride.” (Cargill, Vacuum evaporation continues to be the safest and most efficient form of making salt. Recycling plays an important part in this process. Purified water that evaporates from the

Cluttered Earth

1202 words - 5 pages . Pollution is and always will be a factor, our mission is not to eradicate it but rather to reduce the contributing factors and educate the population of their self-destructive habits. Negligence towards the earth's wellbeing is far from a new subject. Scientists in the particular field of environmental biology have always been aware of the earth and its needs. But not until the sixties did the general public start to become aware of the earth's

Environmental Movement: Grassroots to Government

5260 words - 21 pages effect on the environment might translate to harmful effects for futures to come. However environmentalists feel that the environment should be a political issue as well. Their goal like any other social movement is to influence public policy and ultimately achieve rights, in this case rights for nature. Through the use of different frames and strategies as well as working within the system the Environmentalist Movement is shaping up to be one of

Similar Essays


1683 words - 7 pages pollutants, 36 lbs. of water pollutants and 176 lbs. of solid waste ("Book Recycling Facts - ALA Recycling Industries"). In 2009 the “Book Industry Treaty on Environmentally Responsible Publishing” was implemented to address and reduce the environmental footprint of the book industry. Key factors of the treaty were for the publishing industry to ("Book Industry Treatise on Environmentally Responsible", 2009): • Increase recycled fiber from 5% to 30

Behavior Modification Essay

754 words - 4 pages eradicating these factors and establishing a regular routine to achieve the desired goal, which in this case is quality and quantity of sleep, (Cognitive Behavioral Treatments for…2012). Many people try to change habits but fail in their efforts because they lack of an appropriate method. A good example of this is when people want to lose weight. Often, people make drastic changes and relapse into their old eating habits because they withstood the

Culture Food And Hospitality Essay

2612 words - 10 pages tend to be prepared for a large number of people at regular times of the day. The opposite is true in western cultures, where food is prepared less frequently during the day and often the same meal is eaten more than once during the day. Therefore, it can be said that cultural habits are independent of religious factors, but are influenced to a large extent by geographical factors.Different cultures may encourage or discourage consumption of

James Watt's Micrometer Essay

627 words - 3 pages alloys are suitable for tooling, machining and shaping, as well as possessing excellent strength and durability properties. Other materials available at the time, such as tin and iron would have probably not been favourable due to the fact they are either hard to accurately shape or just do not possess the strength properties of the chosen materials. It should also be noted, that brass and steel have great recycling benefits. Understandably