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Factors That Cause Cataract Essay

813 words - 4 pages

Cataract is a condition that clouds the lens in the eye that leads to decrease in vision. There are many factors that cause cataract but the most common is aging, blunt trauma can also cause cataracts due to swelling and thickening of the lens fiber. Cataract can also develop after a long and constant exposure to radiation. Genetics can also play a part in developing the condition. Most common symptoms of cataracts are cloudy or blurry vision, colors seems faded, poor night vision, double vision or multiple visions in one eye. The clouding of the lens reduces the sharpness of the image reaching the retina. The lens can also turn into a yellowish/brownish color and add brown tint to the ...view middle of the document...

The procedure uses a needle to force the lens toward the back of the eye then soaked with clarified butter then bandaged. Couching was introduced in China around 206 B.C.E. and was called “jin pi shi” it was combined with acupuncture and became part of their medicinal practice until 1911. In April 8, 1787 a French ophthalmologist named Jacques Daviel successfully extracted cataracts from the eye. Now the procedure developed new methods so patients experience less pain and short hospital stays.
Treatments
The most common treatment for cataract is surgery, it is a procedure to remove the lens of the eye and most likely replace it with an artificial lens. It is performed by an ophthalmologist and the patient doesn’t need to stay in the hospital after the procedure. It is very common and is a relatively safe procedure. After the surgery the physician can prescribe pain reliever such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Ophthalmic NSAID will also be prescribed to control postoperative inflammation. The physician will most likely advise the patient to avoid strenuous activities for a short period of time and wear dark sunglasses to help with light sensitivity. Aside from surgery wearing glasses can also help with vision problems caused by cataracts but over time the glasses will need to be changed for a stronger lens and since cataract can cause...

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