This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Failed Coup D’état Attempts By Hugo Chavez

1642 words - 7 pages

Plan of Investigation

Venezuela was almost at the end of a period of more than 30 years of stable democratic rule. On February 1988, President Perez was elected for his second term. Venezuela had an export economy which heavily relied on high international oil prices; in the 1980’s there was a decline of oil prices which gave the government a strong strain in public spending. The economy was on its way to crashing which led to an increase of the economic gap in the country as well as in the military. Also there were many suspicions of corruption inside the government, with President Perez leading.
How did the two failed 1992 coup d’état attempts led by Hugo Chavez help his political career? This investigation will answer the question by analyzing the result of the rwo failed coups; first, that the coups exposed the corruption, failures and weakness of President Perez and his government; second, that the coups presented an image to the Venezuelan people of a dynamic, charismatic and populist leader in the person of Chavez. The most important sources used will be contemporary press accounts, Chavez’s speech and reactions from ordinary Venezuelan people at the time.

This investigation will only asses the period between 1990 and 1998 in order to account for Chavez’s rise to power.

Summary of Evidence

Venezuela had experienced an interrupted civilian democratic rule from 1958 until 1992; with the exception to some minor coup attempts in the early 60s, but the country’s elected leaders were able to keep the military loyal and a democratic government in place.
Venezuela has one of the biggest oil reserves in the world, so they heavily on relied on high prices of oil in the international market for their export. When the price of oil went down in the international market it brought economical difficulties for the government. In the military, spending was cut back by lowering the wages of junior officers but the senior official still received lucrative wages. With inflation on the rise, junior military member’s ability to purchase was decreasing meanwhile their superiors were not struggling at all because their salaries were not lowered. This economic gap made between the ranks led to the start of leftist ideologies being accepted.
Another problem in Venezuela’s government was the vast amount of corruption instituted in Perez’s government. Perez won office for the second time and had his second term from February of 1989 until May of 1993. He was suspected all along his term to be a very corrupt politician who was later impeached in 1993 by the Supreme Court for the embezzlement of 250 million bolivares (around 17 million dollars).
The COMACATE was a group inside the military who initially wanted to change the corruption inside the military but later decided to change the whole country. This group used Simon Bolivar’s nineteenth century liberation campaign as a reference to how they thought the country should be. After the elections of...

Find Another Essay On Failed Coup D’état Attempts By Hugo Chavez

Venezuela, hold the Democracy Essay

2190 words - 9 pages island country. Without the trade from the west I still believe that there would be enough support from Russia and China to keep the country afloat. The media in the country is surprisingly free with a small portion of the media owned and operated by the state (media). During the early 2000s the privately owned armed of the media assisted in the coup attempt of the presidency of Hugo Chavez. Radio and television provide the country with a wide array

2009 Honduran Constitutional Crisis And Coup D’Etat

1426 words - 6 pages reasoning for the crisis and eventual coup d’état was the threat of a fourth ballot. This fourth ballot would inquire public opinion on the formation of an assembly later in the year to change the constitution. “The Supreme Court, the Congress, and the National Electoral Tribunal all declared such a survey or popular consultation illegal, since it was not approved by Congress. The president ordered the military to support the consultation anyway

Chavez: Weakening Democracy

1559 words - 6 pages not for the benefit of its citizens. President Chavez is no exception to the rule, after being imprisoned for a failed coup against Carlos Andres Perez in 1992 which was provoked by the severe economic situation that affected the country in the 90's. In this essay, I would like to present the premise that Hugo Chavez Frias, even though was selected by the people and still today has the support of the majority of the people, has been constantly

The History of Modern Latin America

2022 words - 8 pages training, money, and arms to right-wing groups across the region, such as the 1954 coup d’état in Guatemala assisted by the U.S. CIA. The greatest event in U.S.-Latin American relations was the Cuban Revolution of 1959, as it created a hostile, and potentially Communist, government only ninety miles from the United States on an island that the U.S. government had historically considered within its sphere of influence. In 1960, the United States

Hugo Chávez

1307 words - 5 pages about Chávez. He has been known to split the Venezuelan population. Chavez impresses the majority of the poor with his energy and demands for dramatic change. But others remain unsettled by his signs of radicalism. Hugo Chávez has seen his fortunes swing dramatically from success to failure and back again since his victory in the 1998 presidential election. This admirer of Fidel Castro has been the cause of many revolts in the street of

The Chilean Coup D’état of 1973

1783 words - 7 pages There can be no doubt that outrageous acts of atrocity were committed during the September 11, 1973 military coup d’état, which effectively overthrew the democratically elected government of Chile, and replaced it with a military Junta that would eventually be headed by the, then newly appointed, Army Commander-in-chief General Augusto Pinochet. After the military had taken control, the ousted president Salvador Allende was dead, and the

What’s Venezuela Crisis Really About?

1051 words - 4 pages until 1999, when a former military officer, who was involved in a military coup years ago, Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias won the presidential elections, and who remained in the government until he died in 2013 from cancer. Hugo Chavez's political discourse based on the Marxist thoughts soon was creating "The Bolivarian Revolution", and since its beginning offered the XXI century socialism, which one was never described specifically to people. As a

erwqer

1389 words - 6 pages Industries and Mining, points out in his book Analyzing the First of Venezuela’s Economy that under Hugo Chavez’s rule, the dominance of the oil industry and financial sector have starved manufacturing and agricultural resources in Venezuela. As a result, Chavez was disliked by the country’s elite population, and by imperialist nations, as they claimed that he empowered the poor at the expense of others. These critics say that Chavez took

The TPAJAX Project: Taking Down The Political Regime of Mosaddeq

1629 words - 7 pages that the plan would go as planned (Page 41, "The First Try"). Meeting with Mosaddeq’s bodyguards at his door, the man had stated that he needed to give the Prime Minister a letter. Not falling for the attempt at capturing the extreme nationalist, they immediately arrested the fellow. In a matter of approximately two minutes, the coup d’état had failed, suddenly. Sources have blamed the delay of two trucks full of soldiers to be the cause of

Article Analysis of Hugo Chave's Death

1472 words - 6 pages Exequiel Zamora) after he led a failed coup in 1992 against Carlos Andrés Pérez. According to the publication by Venezuelanalysis.com (2013), more than a thousand people were killed in what was a turning point for many Venezuelans. (p. 1) One final claim that was made in the article was that he moved to retake control of the state oil company. According to Venezuelanalysis.com (2013), Commentators often suggest that Chávez was merely lucky to see oil

What’s Venezuela Crisis Really About?

688 words - 3 pages ago, Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias won the presidential elections, and who remained in the government until he died in 2013 from cancer.Hugo Chavez's political discourse based on the Marxist thoughts soon was creating "The Bolivarian Revolution", and since its beginning offered the XXI century socialism, which one was never described specifically to people. As a consequence, with the passing of the years he created an atmosphere of division

Similar Essays

Hugo Chavez Essay

1834 words - 7 pages also became deeply interested in Simon Bolivar, the Venezuelan revolutionary and freedom fighter, and he was so profoundly affected by Bolivar that he began to connect key dates in his own life with important dates of Bolivar’s life. In 1975 Hugo graduated from the Venezuelan Academy of Military Services and began a military career which would end in a failed attempt at a coup in 1992. During his stay in the military Chavez lead a double life

Hugo Chavez Essay

1966 words - 8 pages campaign 1998 and 2006 In 1998 after the coup had failed to overthrow the government, Chavez decided to run for office under the Fifth Republic Movement. Chavez appealed to shantytown voters by promoting peace in the nation, improving economic standards and to promote Venezuelan Soveriegnty [Latin American Politics and Society, Vol. 44, No. 1 (Spring, 2002), pp. 69-90)]. By the end of the election, Hugo Chavez won the majority vote and the

Hugo Chavez And The Death Of Democracy In Venezuela

2361 words - 9 pages opposition and the press was free to public whatever they want. But this situation was not going to last much. In his second term, especially after the failed coup of 2002, Chavez started what many known as the Bolivarian Revolution, a revolution that as per Chavez will bring a new day for the masses and what has really done is to weakened even more democracy in the country. In his purse to keep himself in power, he concentrated even more the

Hugo Chavez Essay

2283 words - 10 pages won three presidential elections” (Boykoff), yet newspapers called Hugo Chavez a dictator. A dictator is a ruler with absolute power. Mentioning that Chavez had won presidential elections, contradicts with the what newspaper report. Elections are won by the majority of the votes, which comes from the people not by a ruler. Boykoff representation of Chavez is the opposite of what newspaper represent, where Chavez is not a dictator rather a leader