Failed Invasion Of The Bay Of Pigs History Essay Outline

1070 words - 5 pages

Bay of Pigs: Failed invasion of Cuba (17–19 April 1961)

Introduction
· Cuban Soldier "It was like a great lesson for the Cuban people, we finally learnt that we don't have to be afraid of the enemy,"
· Involved 1,400 cuban exiles trained by the CIA and 8 American B-26 Bombers
· One of the USA’s worst defeats
· The invasion only lasted 2 days
· Resulted in 118 Cuban Exiles deaths and 176 Cuban army soldiers deaths and over 1,100 of the American-Trained Cuban Exiles were captured
· Invading forces were greatly outnumbered.
· Invasion was meant to overthrow Castro's regime without exposing American involvement
(Source:https://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/JFK-in-History/The-Bay-of-Pigs.aspx)

Previous Events
· American backed Cuban Government overthrown in 1959
· Fidel Castro turned Cuba into a communist country
· Castro had an anti-american rhetoric
· Cuba and the Soviet Union became allied
· March 1960 President Eisenhower ordered the CIA to train and arm Cuban Exiles for a full scale invasion of Cuba
(Source:http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/bay-of-pigs-invasion)

Leaders
Fidel Castro
· Communist Dictator of Cuba
· Castro hated U.S economic dominance in Cuba
· He gained from the U.S loss and involvement in the invasion
· Made it very difficult for american businesses to survive in Cuba
· Started buying oil from the Soviet Union which increased tensions between the U.S and Cuba.
(Source:http://www.biography.com/people/fidel-castro-9241487/videos/fidel-castro-the-bay-of-pigs-901699854)

Dwight D. Eisenhower
· President of the United States from 1953-1961
· Ordered Full-Scale invasion of Cuba
· Supported old Cuban government
· Implemented trade embargo on Cuba
· Just before he left office, he broke off all diplomatic relations with Cuba
(Source:http://www.biography.com/people/dwight-d-eisenhower-9285482)

John F. Kennedy
· President of the United States from 1961-1963
· He was assassinated November 22nd, 1963
· Inherited Bay of Pigs plan
· Wanted to hide American involvement
· Was told by multiple military advisers that the invasion would fail miserably without more troops and air support
· Banned all flights to and from Cuba
(Source: http://www.biography.com/people/john-f-kennedy-9362930)

Training
· Exiles were trained in Alabama, Louisiana, Florida and Guatemala
· Exiles were trained in small arms weapons, demolitions, communications and insurgency techniques necessary to pull off an invasion
· Willing and Strong group of fighters
· A lot of the CIA advisors didn't speak a word of spanish
(Source:http://www.military.com/Content/MoreContent1/?file=cw_o_pigs)

Air Support and Supply Ships
· The CIA decided to give this force 8 b-26 bombers which were obsolete World War 2 bombers
· These bombers were repainted to look like planes from the cuban air force
· The Bombers were meant to destroy much of Cuba’s little air force
· The CIA failed because they missed many of their targets and a very...

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