Failure Of The Communist System Essay

1485 words - 6 pages

Failure of the Communist System

The communist system fell for various reasons. In time, I don't think
that this could have been avoided as the communist ideal had a basic
flaw in it. It misunderstood human nature. Their ideology was based on
every man working to the best of his ability for the good of the
nation. However, humans will not work for more than they have to and
therefore this massive decline in the quality of the work in communism
led to its downfall as there was no will to work.

One of the main reasons that communism fell in the 1980's was that
over the years, the Cold War had drained them of their money. The
Space Race stripped them of 20% of their entire national income as
they spent billions on their defence. This took away lots of money
from their economy which they could have spent on the poor and needy
but since this was not the case, the communist standard of living,
especially in the USSR, declined. This caused communism to have a bad
image and most of the people disliked it as they saw the riches and
wealth of the west in contrast to their rags. The war in
Afghanistantook a large chunk out of their budget ($8 billion a year)
and this left them very short handed and unable to economically hold
the Soviet Empire together. The freedom to do what they wanted
appealed to the people as the Stalinist regime was fresh in their
minds. The saw a glimpse of hope to experience democracy as in October
1983, the US troops over throw the regime in Grenada. This further
instigated the people with feelings of hate against the communist
system.

Another thing wrong with the system was that there was lots of
corruption in the system. The Communist party bosses lived in luxury
and the distribution of what was left of the national income was very
uneven as it was concentrated on the Party leaders. These luxuries
were seen by the people and this angered them even more.

Russian farming was very inefficient and they had to import massive
amounts of grain every year. However, the Afghanistan War caused the
US (Russia's main source of grain) cut off its supply in protest of
the Soviet actions in Afghanistan. This worsened the standard of
living of the average Soviet.

Gorbachev came to power in 1985 and he basically brought about the
downfall of the Soviet Union. He was probably one of the leaders of
the new generation. He was a generation along from the hard lined
communists of Stalin's era and was a little more realistic. He
abandoned the Brezhnev Doctrine in 1988 and promised that the USSR
would not interfere with Eastern Europe again. This was due to the
country's economic crisis and this reason was why he introduced two
new policies, "glasnost" and "perestroika". Theses steps were in
reality the first steps to socialism in the USSR. He thought that
these reforms...

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