Failure Of The League Of Nations In The Inter War Period

1201 words - 5 pages

After the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which brought an end to the First World War, the League of Nations was established by the President of the United States of America, Woodrow Wilson. Wilson's intention on establishing the League of Nations was to stop all conflicts and wars around the world from ever happening again using the idea of Collective Security as the solution. Collective Security protected every country by mutual assistance and termination of alliance system. Originally, the League "offered to the world as much world-government as the world can stand." Nevertheless, from the beginning, the formation of the League was foreshadowing another war, because it had many flaws that made the League fail in its duty. Some of the reasons why it failed are the absence of the U.S.A., the negligence of Britain and France, and the failure to keep Collective Security in effect.U.S. President, Woodrow Wilson, stated in the fourteenth point of his famous Fourteen Points that "A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike," which meant that there must be an organization that has the ability to control all the members and maintain a peaceful state. However, the irony to this was that the founder, the U.S.A., was not interested in joining the League. Along with two major powers, Russia and Germany, U.S.A. did not join the League, because the U.S.A. did not want to actually be involved in the war physically, but they wanted to earn money by financially aiding other countries with arms and weapons if another war was to break out. Also, the U.S. citizens did not want their country to help European countries using their army and money, rather than spending money on their economy as U.S. economy was in confusion after all the military jobs were out of service after the war. This isolationism of the U.S.A. drastically weakened the bondage between the League's members. Britain and France were left alone, both not eager to be the leader of the League, as they had different opinions about the League, and different thoughts on Germany.Due to the U.S.A. being absent from the League, Britain and France, with a huge amount of war debts, only concentrated on their economy, and nothing else. During the war, these two countries imported lots of goods and weaponry from the U.S.A. to overpower the opposition and outlive the War of Attrition against the Triple Alliance, mainly Germany. Therefore, Britain and France had lots of war debts with the U.S.A., and in the Treaty of Versailles, they asked Germany for an unreasonable amount of reparation costs, in order to pay their debts and annihilate Germany. In addition to that, the two nations "did not agree that Collective Security was the main purpose of the League." In fact, France, the realist, and Germany thought that the League was merely "an instrument to...

Find Another Essay On Failure of the League of Nations in the Inter-War Period

History Report On The Period Of Time Between World War One And World War 2 - The Lead Up To The Second World War. (Focus On The League Of Nations)

2017 words - 9 pages first shots, and it was found that it was Italy that had begun the battle. Italy apologised, but began to build up their troops in Abyssinia's neighbouring country, Somaliland. It was at this stage that the League of Nations should have intervened and placed sanctions on Italy. By not doing so, Mussolini was able to build up his troops and prepare for war. The fact that the League of Nations appeased Italy gave Mussolini the confidence to continue

Which was more important as a reason for the failure of the League of Nations in the 1930's? The absence of the USA or Britain and France's self interest

574 words - 2 pages The failure of the League of Nations in the 1930's was due to two main reasons.Firstly, the absence of the USA. The League of Nations was thought up by the American president Woodrow Wilson it was one of his 14 points. He had come up with the idea, the League was in a sense his child, yet he was allowed no part in it. The American congress had refused to become members of The League and this caused all sorts of problems. America had the biggest

The League Of Nations

752 words - 4 pages in 1946 was because it had some basic and fundamental problems such as dealing with aggression involving major powers. Countries like Japan and Italy were able to just walk over the League of Nations because it had no armed forces of its own and it relied upon the co-operation of its members. This problem was inter-linked with the fact that the League was very slow at making decisions. With no armed forces this made it difficult to impose

The League of Nations

1569 words - 6 pages together. The League of Nations couldn't really make decisions on there own, as America had made the League out of Woodrow's 14 points, and as they weren't being involved in the league, they wouldn't help make the decisions. Germany did join the league but only for a short period of time, and luckily they did join because they were the main source of the problem and as they joined the league, the league was able to keep a careful watch on them and

The League of Nations

680 words - 3 pages At The treaty of Versailles, Woodrow Wilson, president of the USA gave 14 points to settle world peace, even though some of his points were rejected, the most important one which consisted of creating a 'League of Nations' was accepted. The League was formed on 1920, the aims of the League where to maintain peace and security in the world by countries acting together to stop war, this was called collective security. Some of the world powers were

The League of Nations

1292 words - 5 pages The League of Nations was created during the conference in Versailles, France, 1919, when Woodrow Wilson, the president of United States came up with fourteen points. The League of Nations was a point of Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points. It was created to stop wars by working out the problems with each other, to improve the world, to get rid of weapons, and to enforce the Treaty of Versailles. The League of Nations wasn't welcomed in the United

All about the League of Nations in the 30s!!!!!!!

691 words - 3 pages Abyssinia. This also proves that the league was weak so no one was afraid of the league and the league wasn't respected anymore. And lastly while the league was distracted by the Abyssinian crisis Hitler had the chance to take over Rhineland so all the countries in the league got angry realizing the league was failing and nations got ready for second world war. So that is why the AbyssinianHurt the league more .

The League of Nations in the 1930's

890 words - 4 pages In the 1930's, there were two crises that happened in Manchuria and Abyssinia, which extremely embarrassed the League of Nations, and finally in the end, no more countries relied on the league it anymore. The crises were provocative to other countries and inevitable as Japan and Italy, they both were both in the league's security council and could have vetoed any action against them. In 1929, the Wall Street market crashed and countries

Assess the Significance of the League Nations

2139 words - 9 pages future universal intergovernmental organization. Some say the league of nations had no direct significance and deem it an ultimate failure while others claim its indirect significance is the creation of the United Nations. As the first intergovernmental system, the league of nations tackled the complications derived as a result of the first world war. The aftermath of the first world war had left many territorial disputes. In 1920, the League

The Common Factors that Led to the Establishment of Totalitarian Regimes in Italy and Germany in the Inter-War Period

1358 words - 5 pages The Common Factors that Led to the Establishment of Totalitarian Regimes in Italy and Germany in the Inter-War Period Totalitarian regimes refer to the type of government in which the State has total control over all aspects of people's life. Main features include an infallible leader, planned economy, strict party discipline, strong armament, an official doctrine that everyone has to believe, and absolute obedience of

Ghost of the League of Nations

593 words - 2 pages factors that led the League of Nations to failure would be its powers and "General Assembly". The League of Nations had 60 countries as members in the 1930s, and this quantity of countries made General Assemblies really difficult to organize. The 60 countries were scattered all over the world, so its extremely difficult for the League of Nations to organize more than one General Assembly per year, so if there was problems between countries right

Similar Essays

The Failure Of The League Of Nations And The Outbreak Of War In 1939

1401 words - 6 pages The Failure of the League of Nations and the Outbreak of War in 1939 There are many causes for the outbreak of the Second World War. These include the failure of the League of Nations, the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler's actions and so on. Some of them are more important then others and are mostly linked with another cause. The failure of the League of Nations was one of the main reasons for the outbreak of war. It

Was The League Of Nations A Success Or A Failure?

3786 words - 15 pages couldn't actually send an army of it own although they did not have its own army. They were less concerned about the problems going on in the areas far away from where they were and weren't actually willing to involve with a country they knew nothing about.The reputation of the League of Nations had already been damaged by its failure regarding the Manchurian Crisis in 1931. Abyssinian Invasion was the fatal blow that more or less destroyed the

The Failure Of The League Of Nations To Keep Peace In The Nineteen Thirties

2934 words - 12 pages The Failure of the League of Nations to Keep Peace in the Nineteen-Thirties After World War One in 1919 the allies created the League of Nations. It had a simple "raison d'etre", that was to prevent war. Its chief architect was President Woodrow Wilson of USA. However, upon its creation the United States did not join. Throughout its years the league faced many problems and struggled, however it managed to stay together

The League Of Nations A Success In The 20’s, A Failure In The 30’s. How Far Do You Agree With This Satement?

534 words - 2 pages "˜failed' in the 30's this can really only be applied to a failure in peace keeping. They were very successful in other areas including: The Refugee Organisation which was set up by the league to help victims of war, The Labour Organisation which tried to improve working conditions and The Health Organisation which encouraged schemes to improve healthcare. All of which still exist as part of the United Nations today. Also the League cannot be