Failure Of The Italian Revolutions Essay

779 words - 3 pages

The failure of the Italian revolutions cannot be attributed to one reason as there are a plethora of reasons which could be cited as a main cause. The main reasons which could be argued as the most important reasons for the failure of the Italian revolts are the lack of organisation within revolutionary groups, the Austrian army’s strength, the political and military inexperience of those in power, the Pope’s abandonment of the revolution, the hesitation of Charles Albert to front the campaign of unity and Bonaparte’s intervention. In 1815 Italy was not recognised as a country, Metternich, an Austrian statesman, said "The word 'Italy' is a geographical expression, a description which is useful shorthand, but has none of the political significance the efforts of the revolutionary ideologues try to put on it” which shows that Italy was not considered a country this was because it was separated into different states and each had their own rulers. The system of government was mainly autocratic which meant that just one man was in charge of the entire state and so it would be true to say that Italy was not a democratic country. The French Revolution that began in 1789 meant that countries all over Europe were under the control of Napoleon Bonaparte, Italy included until the battle of Waterloo where Napoleon was defeated. All progress that had been made in the country was reversed with the Treaty of Versailles which meant that the autocratic kings were reinstated into Naples, Sardinia-Piedmont and Sicily and the duchies of Parma, Modena and Tuscany were given back to Austrian rule. The people of Italy had tasted a better life under Napoleon’s rule and wanted change, this led to the revolts.
From 1815 to 1848 the nationalist movements was emerging and was named ‘Risorgimento’ which means rebirth or resurgence. The Carbonari had supporters from all over Italy mainly middle-class people. The Carbonari, in 1820, participated in a revolt in Naples against King Ferdinand’s government where the peasants and even the royal troops took part. Terrified of the revolting people, King Ferdinand vowed to give all adult males the vote through a constitution. However, he had no intention of doing this and did not grant adult men the vote. Ferdinand told the Congress of Laibach that he had...

Find Another Essay On Failure of the Italian Revolutions

The Three Types of Revolutions Essay

599 words - 2 pages positive change. The Agricultural, Industrial, and Information Revolutions are the three kinds of great revolutions.One of the three types of revolutions is Agricultural Revolution. This revolution started more than 10,000 years ago when nomads started to get tired of moving from place to place, so they started to cultivate and domesticate plants and animals. Moreover, new technologies such as the simple hoe to the more complex irrigation systems

The orgins of all revolutions Essay

1132 words - 5 pages line it is there to put you back in I a civilized and retinal manner. Others went against him and wanted an absolute government because they thought that the human race where salvages and that the government was there so no one would step out of line. The American Revolution was the first domino to fall in the modern time after this many other revolutions followed. The revolution was mostly based on ideas from the enlightenment and mostly John

The Italian Invasion of Abyssinia

1103 words - 4 pages Britain, the cabinet was informed that 30,000 British coal miners were about to lose their jobs because of the ban on coal exports to Italy. The most important thing however was the Suez Canal, (owned by Britain and France) it was the Italian’s main supply route to Abyssinia closing it could have ended the Abyssinian campaign very quickly. But Britain and France were afraid that closing the canal could result in a war with Italy. This failure

The Italian Ways of Life

1236 words - 5 pages , though, you better believe there will be mounds and mounds of meat and pastas on your plate! They usually have a raisin bread, turkey, chicken, rabbit, and spaghetti. Don’t forget all the desserts, and I’m sure there would be more than what’s listed above. Those are just the basics. Italian mothers will be coming around to fill your plate up a fourth time, even though you’re stuffed! The next largest holiday in America, or really any country

Art of the Italian Renaissance

1464 words - 6 pages One of the greatest stories from the Italian Renaissance is the one of Fillipo Brunelleschi and Lorenzo Ghiberti. In 1401, the directors of the art of the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral held a contest for artists; to create panels for a the doors on the east entrance (Kleiner, 560-2). Because the east doors faced the cathedral, the people thought it extremely prestigious to be able to participate in such a massive creation. After the first

Comparison of the American and French Revolutions

1015 words - 4 pages Comparison of the American and French Revolutions The American and French revolutions both compare and contrast in their origins and outcomes; both revolutions began due to the common peoples need to obtain independence and liberty from an oppressive government. The American Revolution was triggered by the American colonists need for financial independence from the overpowering nation of Great Britain, while the French revolution was a

Why Did the Revolutions of 1917 Happen?

1558 words - 6 pages The Russian Revolutions in 1917 was the culmination of a long history of social unrest and repression. From the reign of Peter the Great, the tsardom disintegrated into an autocratic bureaucracy that suppressed the people's rights and liberties and had no regard for the improvement of the average citizen's life. The cause of the Revolution, thus, can be examined through economic, social, political and militaristic aspects.Economically, the

The Failure of Chartism

848 words - 3 pages The Failure of Chartism For the chartist to have had a focus, they would all have to have had the same issues, and all held equal support for all 6 parts of the people’s charter, the paper behind the chartist movement. This was not the case; in many instances the people would only support something when it suited them, a knife and fork issue, this was the cause for the collapse in the movement. In source one it does say how people wanted

The Failure of Reconstruction

770 words - 3 pages The Failure of ReconstructionIn 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation gave freedom to all of the blacks. However, the road to freedom for the blacks was still going to be a long one and would not start until after the end of the Civil War. The Reconstruction definitely failed in bringing social and economic equality to the blacks because of; the failure of the Freedman's Bureau, the blacks were kept from voting, and they were treated unfairly.To

the failure of communism

2117 words - 9 pages The failure of communism Communist had a long history during the 20th century, and communism was very influential. Almost all of Asia and East Europe became Communist. From the start of the theory then many civil wars in Russia affected the whole world. Communist defined the idea of itself in many different ways, it helps many nations came together formed a party fought wars, but it also made many countries became really poor, and the economy

The Role of Ideology in the Revolutions of 1848

2357 words - 9 pages freedom of an individual, more about social justice. At the beginning of the revolutions 1848, the ideology was extremely important. All social classes were in misery, because the outcome of economic changes. Everybody, from peasants to bourgeoisie, believed that liberal reforms will bring changes for better. Without the ideology, the hope for a different life, the revolutions would have been a complete failure, if

Similar Essays

Reasons For The Failure Of 1848 1849 Revolutions In Italy

594 words - 2 pages others were concerned with only their interests. The republic was eventually defeated in 1849 by the French which led to a permanent French garrison in Rome. Overall there were a number of reasons which led to the failure of Italian revolutions however the most important was the strength of the Austrian army which had the ability to defeat any opposition under such resounding authority of Radetsky. Since the Italian states where not helping each other, they really did have no chance of success.

The Revolutions Of 1848 Essay

1062 words - 4 pages . There were three main causes of the outbreak of the revolution in Germany such as: the down spiral of the business cycle, business failure and loss of job, and the harvest failures throughout Europe. The people sought after change but in the end they did not fully reach their goal. (“The revolutions of 1848: in Germany, Italy, and France”) In Italy, nationalism began to form, the conservative leaders felt threatened by the ideas of the

The Revolutions Of 1848 Essay

1384 words - 6 pages conditions.The Revolutions of 1848 were a failure in of themselves for they didn't bring about any significant change. In Austria, Franz Josef persisted to dominate over minorities in eastern Europe. In Prussia, the national assembly held very little power and was dissolved shortly after its creation. In France, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, nephew of the former French emperor, was elected president in December 1848; he fortified his position by

The European Revolutions Of 1848 Essay

1171 words - 5 pages The revolutions of 1848 were widespread and affected about 50 countries in Europe, considering the previously separate lands of Germany and Italy. These revolutions were extremely violent and costly. In terms of lives, tens of thousands were lost during battles with several thousand more being lost in executions. Over 100,000 individuals were jailed or exiled as well. While these individual countries had significant nationalistic grievances