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An Inside Look Ath The Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens

1172 words - 5 pages

Before Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens, David Fairchild brought home many plants form around the world and transplanted them around his home in Miami, Florida. That is where Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens originated. Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens opened its doors in 1938. It was founded by David Fairchild, environmentalist Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Col. Robert H. Montgomery, landscape architect William Lyman Phillips, and County Commissioner Charles Crandon. Fairchild retired from years of work as renowned scientist, plant explorer, and educator. Due to the work that Fairchild Tropical Botanic Gardens has researched we now have a better understanding of worldly plants and how to preserve them.
Above all, the Palm Conservation program at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden implements conservation expertise regarding palms and develops models that are easily followed to help insure conservation. Fairchild hosts the internationally noted Palm Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. The Palm Specialist Group is a global network of experts who volunteer their time and expertise to build a scientific and practical foundation for the conservation of palms. The palms are a conspicuous and abundant family occurs in a wide range of ecosystems and habitats. They are often keystone species upon which entire ecosystems depend for food, shelter and services. Due to palms being threatened in many habitats throughout the world, the members of the Palm Specialist Group are dedicated to the conservation and sustainable use of palms. Botanists and horticulturists from Fairchild are currently with MATE (Man and the Environment), working on a conservation organization managing parts of Madagascar. It was during a Fairchild-MATE exploration to Vohibola Forest Reserve in 2006 that a new species of palm was discovered. These exotic plants are now represented within a new exhibit at Fairchild Tropical Botanical Gardens. Transplanting palms into no only their natural habitat, but any habitat takes a full understanding of the plants and how their root systems work. A program developed at Fairchild Garden is broadening that understanding in an effort to better conserve palms. Dr. Jack Fisher and Dr. K. Jayachandran are working very hard to examine the palm root biology as it relates to conservation.
Further, plant propagation is large part of how conservation continues at Fairchild. Asexual propagation and sexual propagation are the two main kinds of propagation; both have their attributes. Within these two categories, there are several subcategories of how the propagation actually occurs. Asexual propagation creates plants that are genetically identical to the ‘parent’ plant. This can be accomplished by several different processes; Division, cuttings, air layering, and grafting are all types of asexual propagation. When propagating a plant that naturally multiplies on its own, you remove the plantlet when it reaches about one-third of the size...

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