Fall Of Empires Essay

1120 words - 5 pages

Looking back through history on the classic civilizations, one will observe many strong and powerful empires. Empires such as the Romans, Greeks, Gupta, and the Han, all seemed so dominate and indestructible. However, as time has told, all these great empires have fallen into the history books as greatness that has passed. What is it that caused these great empires to fall, was it the results of external factors such as invasion, or the spread of a dominating religion, or was it due to internal factors such as political or economic issues. The answer to this question is found by examining two of the greatest classic empires, the Romans and the Hans. While there is no one single point of ...view middle of the document...

It is no coincident that shortly after this weakening of the government that the Han dynasty came to an end.
On the Roman side of the world, the decline due to poor governance was a lot more subtle, with period of great leaders and then a time of horrible leaders. Corruption ran amuck throughout the upper leadership in Rome. Officials would use their wealth to gain the support of the populace along with the support of the armies. All this was done to bolster their position in the government (Lintott 629). Toward the end of the Roman Empire, emperors were getting assassinated or forcible removed from office that some emperors served less than five or six months (Lendering).This power struggle weakened the Empire so much that it would never recover.
The next internal issue that factored into the fall of these two Empires was their deteriorating economies. Both empires had strong and thriving economies during their early years, due greatly to the vast and advance infrastructure of both empires. Engineering marvels such as the aqueducts, roads, and the invention of concrete in the Roman Empire, and the Great Wall, canals, and roads in the Han Empire. This infrastructure allowed for improved agriculture production and established permanent trade between cities and nations. However, with this advanced infrastructure, it costs money to build and maintain it. In addition to these public works, money was needed to support the armies to conquer new lands and defend the current boarders.
Leading up to the fall of the Han Empire the Han government had a problem with being able to collect enough tax revenue from its citizens to support its army required to protect the country from invasion. With the wealthy and powerful land owners typically find a way to excuse themselves from having to pay any tax, the burden fell down to the peasants. With such a high taxation on the peasants, many would often abscond to avoid having to pay any tax (Duiker and Spielvogel, 152). Due to the Government’s inability to collect the necessary taxes the Empire was constantly short on money which affect the ability to maintain the army needed to secure the boarders of the Empire. The shortage of money also prevented the Empire from continuing to focus on internal improvements.
A similar situation is seen in the...

Find Another Essay On Fall Of Empires

The fall of two empires, the mayan and the byzantin - 12th grade - assignment

713 words - 3 pages CHY4U Dissertation Les royaumes disparus (1450-1650) Thèse : La Chute de deux empires, Byzantin et Maya de deux causes différentes. Des empires, des royaumes, des sultanats, des états et des seigneuries ont historiquement existé et se sont développés, pour certains à une apogée telle qu’on n’aurait jamais prédit leur chute. L’empire byzantin, un empire qui s’était étendu sur des pays, et des tranches d’états et pourtant qui a connu une chute

megan moseley Essay

999 words - 4 pages The great empires that flourished between 300 B.C.E and 200 B.C.E. can all be broken down into the four factors the contributed to their rise. Although each empire faced prolonged periods of conflict, all four empires succeeded in imposing unity and order among the people. The rise of these empires can be attributed to four specific factors crucial to their construction. The factors crucial to the rise of the great empires included having a

End of an Era: The Fall of Rome and the Han Dynasty

1023 words - 4 pages End of an Era: The Fall of Rome and the Han Dynasty The Classical Era was a time of greatness. Great empires rose to power, the likes of which the world had never seen before. In the west, Rome emerged as the dominant power. Originating in the Italian peninsula, the Roman Empire would eventually stretch from Britain to Mesopotamia and Egypt, a huge empire maintained through a vast network of roads. This empire was made of hundreds of different

Swag Daddy Kinggg

632 words - 3 pages In the Classical period, both Han China and Imperial Rome were very similar in their policies. Similarities included the roles of the rulers that governed the empires, and unsafe borders that warded off foreign enemies. That being said, the two empires were also quite divergent. Han China’s demise was due primarily to corruption within its Government, had a low concentration on expanding itself, and fended off its enemies through predominantly

Essay 2

1008 words - 5 pages The Roman and Chinese empire, once established, shared a number of common features as well as differences. For this reason, I picked these two empires for my essay. My focus for this essay is to differentiate between the Roman Empire and the Chinese Empire, also state the similarities that these two empires had or might have had. Main points that I will use to differentiate these two empires are religion, origins of empire, economics, and

Topic Outline

2172 words - 9 pages . Islam conquered all of the Arabian Peninsula within twenty three years. (4) And like the Sassanid Empire, Byzantium would also fall to the hand of Muslims however this was much later in history. II) Source (1) "History of Iran: Sassanid Empire." History of Iran: Sassanid Empire. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. . (2) Wells, H. G. "The Byzantine and Sassanid Empires." A Short History of

The Fall Of Rome

660 words - 3 pages helped the Romans because they attacked other empires leaving them alone probably because the crusaders attacked all who they considered enemies of Christ. The crusaders thought that the Romans believed in Christ. Of coarse with most of the empires gone now the Roman Empire had a very good chance of growing. So in conclusion that was The Fall of Rome fell.

The Social and Economic Characteristics of the Mongol Empires and the Islamic Caliphates

1152 words - 5 pages Middle East. A very similar thing happened under Genghis Khan and the Mongols. Genghis Khan united the tribes of Mongolia and began military invasions all around Mongolia. Another similarity of these empires was the divisions in them. The Caliphates had the Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid, and the Fatimid Caliphates. The Mongols had the Yuan Empire in China, the Jagadai in Central Asia, the Golden Horde in Russia, and the Il-khan Empire in Iran

A History of World Societies by John P McKay

1823 words - 7 pages bureaucracy. We can account for the fall of both empires. The Inca Empire fell because of civil war between the sons of Huainan Capac and the Spanish invasion. The Spanish can also be accounted for the fall of the Aztec empire. With the Spanish came new diseases as well as superior weapons which the empires could not match. 3. The initial contact between the Turks and India was filled with battle and destruction. The Turks initial view on Indian

Survival of the Fittest

950 words - 4 pages The Roman Empire as a whole was based upon expansion. When expansion declined, so did the Roman Empire. But lack of expansion was not the only reason the Roman Empire went into decline. The three main reasons that the Roman Empire went into a decline, and soon fell, each empire at its time was: economic stagnation, political instability and demographic decline. In 285 CE, the emperor Diocletian divided the Roman Empire into two empires: the

West African Kingdoms

996 words - 4 pages region south of the Sahara, Africans organized kingdoms which in time became great empires. This region is called the Sudan (a word meaning "land of the Blacks" in Arabic) The Sudan was important in the early history of Black Africa because the Africans first practiced agriculture in this region, and thus became the first people south of the Sahara to fashion and use iron tools and weapons. They were also among the first people in Africa to

Similar Essays

The Decline And Fall Of Empires

1294 words - 6 pages Most of the civilizations throughout history have been taken over or replaced by other civilizations due to disunity and chaos. Although an empire might seem prosperous, the decline and fall of empires are sometimes inevitable. Even though an empire might seem invincible, there are many factors that could lead to the sudden decline or fall of an empire. Over many centuries, historians have composed many reasons, such as weak militaries

The Rise And Fall Of Muslim Empires

1743 words - 7 pages In Islamic history, various events have occurred in different time periods that have led to the rise and fall of Muslim empires. Muslim kingdoms flourished in a cultural, social, religious, political, and intellectual aspect in their time periods, due to Thanks in large part to religious and political conflict between Muslims, whether they be Sunni or Shia, Identify the major periods and empires in Islamic History. You must use at least two

The Fall Of The Aztec And Inca Empires

1859 words - 7 pages The Fall of the Aztec and Inca Empires In this essay I will tell how the Aztec and Inca empires ended, and also I will compare the fall of both empires, using for a point of departure the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the land of Mexico. Wherever the Spanish went always the same thing happened, from my point of view. Innocent people were killed for no good reason, cities were massacred, civilizations were destroyed or forced to

The Rise And Fall Of Three Empires

955 words - 4 pages Robin Brundridge07/25/2014HST 111Midterm EssayProfessor MillikenMajor Developments and Changes in the Mali Empire, SongDynasty, and Chimu EmpireI chose option c. from the three choices given in the midterm essay instructions. Compare and contrast three major Empires/Cultures from three different regions (Choose at least one empire from Sub - Saharan Africa or the Americas) of the world and focus on political and economic factors. What were some