Fall of the Roman Empire
Fall of the Roman Empire
The Roman Empire faced many problems in the third century. Many of these problems came within the empire and other forces that were outside the empire. The only thing that seemed to aid in the holding of this great empire was drastic economic, political, and military reforms, which looked as essential elements that would prevent the collapse of the empire. Large groups of historians come to terms with the idea that at the end of emperor Marcus Aurelius in the 161–180 A.D marked the end of the romans two centuries of prosperity and peace. This period is known as the Pax Roman. Other rulers that followed from this period had very little or no idea on how to deal with the crises that this giant nation was facing. As a result this rulers lead to the fall and decline of the Roman Empire.
Politically, the fall of the Roman Empire as from 410 C.E is regarded as one of the largest and pivotal events in the history of the world. As from the time Edward Gibbon finished his works in 1788 on the Decline and Fall of the Roman empire, there has been large debates on the cause of the of the fall of the roman empire. However, it should be noted that despite the roman empire might have fallen politically, their culture and heritage still persisted in the west through the mid ages and in altered methods the culture still exist in the modern periods. However, a large number of causes attributed to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. This paper will look into the major causes of the decline of the Roman Empire and the periods in which the Roman Empire came to decline and completely fall politically.
Causes of the fall of the Roman Empire
The reasons behind the fall of the Roman Empire range from the notions that the region practiced a lot decadence and immorality, which can largely be attributed to paganism. Others like the Christian writer Salvian say that the region had loose morals that led to the decline of the empire. Historians like Zosimus believe that too much Christianity might have had an effect in the decline of the empire. Other reasons believed to have caused the Roman Empire to decline and fall are climate change, population decline, too much poisoning of the upper class population in the empire. Despite there being many overlapping reasons for the fall of the empire, according to me among the major reasons that led to the fall of the Roman Empire include the following,
1. Large amounts of ambitious general all whom wanted to be emperor. Many of these ambitious generals either wanted to be the masters of soldiers and extend their interests over and beyond the interest of the empire. Despite the stabilizing role of the Diocletian's tetrarchy system, this trend continued in the third century.
2. The unwillingness of the general public population in the Roman Empire to join the army. Additionally, this public did not want to support the arm in other ways such...