Fallacies Of Ethos, Pathos And Logos In Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed

1948 words - 8 pages

In Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed (2008), Ben Stein travels the world to expose the incarceration in the realm of science. Stein’s goal is to rile up the audience to stir up desire and motivation of the voice of the people to bring down the unjust wall in scientific academia. Ben Stein fails to persuade his active viewing audience that universities have used unfair practices to exclude research and believers in intelligent design from the scientific community, but succeeds in persuading the unpretentious and idle audience. Ben Stein losses his credibility and ultimately his persuasive power through the use of misrepresentation of messages and facts, fallacies of ethos, pathos, and logos, and the digression from the main point of the documentary. The unpretentious audience overlooks these fallacies and is persuaded through the visual tools in the documentary.
The documentary begins with Stein speaking before an audience, addressing the principle of freedom in America. He then advances to discourse of the loss of academic freedom in the scientific community through interviews of scientific figures such as Richard Sternberg, Caroline Crocker, Michael Ignore, Robert Marks, and Guillermo Gonzalez. These interviews are contrasted with clips of scientists who refute the idea and validness of intelligent design. To get a perspective about the credibility and thoughts of Darwinism and intelligent design in the scientific community, Stein is referred to talk to other figures of science such as Bruce Chapman, Paul Nelson, William Dembski, Stephen Meyer, and Jonathan Wells. Stein then begins his in depth investigation interviewing Richard Dawkins, David Berlinski, and Michael Ruse, looking to determine how Darwin theory applies to the creation of life. After gathering this information, Ben Stein digs deeper, he analyzes the evolution debate by looking into the “Religious War”, and the connection between Darwin theory and Nazi motives. The documentary concludes with the reoccurring metaphor of the Berlin Wall, academic freedom if you are on the correct side of the wall, the suppression of it on the other. Stein sprinkles important quotes of expelled scientists from earlier in the film during this time. Ben stein completes his speech of freedom and detriment from boxing science from a higher power or god.
Expelled misrepresented many of its claims and facts made during interviews of scientific figures, leaving out important pieces. While the facts presented by the interviews may seem solid at first to the idle viewer, the complications are revealed upon further research. Ben Stein interviews Robert J. Marks, claiming that his research website was shut down by Baylor University once the university discovered a link between his work and intelligent design. Upon further research, it is obvious how the intentions of the university were misrepresented by the documentary. Marks had not sought approval for the website with Baylor University references, which...

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