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Fallacy & Application Paper Mgt 350 Critical Thinking: Strategies In Decision Making

976 words - 4 pages

In order to understand what a fallacy is we must understand what an argument is. An argument has of one or more premises and one conclusion. A premise is a statement that is either true or false, that is offered in support of a claim being made, which is the conclusion which is also a sentence that is either true or false. There are two main types of arguments, relevance and insufficient. A relevance argument is an argument such that the premises provide which is complete support for the conclusion. An insufficient argument is an argument such that the premises provide with some degree of support but less than complete support for the conclusion. If the premises actually provide the required degree of support for the conclusion, then the argument is a good one. A good relevance argument is known as a valid argument and is such that if all its premises are true, then its conclusion must be true. If all the argument is valid and actually has all true premises, then it is known as a sound argument. If it is invalid or has one or more false premises, it will be unsound.A fallacy is an error in reasoning. A fallacy is an "argument" in which the premises given for the conclusion do not provide the needed degree of support. A relevance fallacy is a relevance argument that is invalid, could have all true premises and still have a false conclusion. An insufficient fallacy is less formal than a relevance fallacy. They are "arguments" which appear to be insufficient arguments, but the premises do not provided enough support for the conclusion. In such cases, even if the premises were true, the conclusion would not be more likely to be true (www.datanation.com/fallacies).Every day, minute and second of our lives, we are relentlessly showered by information, information which we need and don't. Television and radio are some of the prime culprit. With the internet, things seem verging out of control, not to mention the nonstop rumbling of those around us such as our employers, friends and relatives.Almost all the time, this information which we receive is set in with arguments; the purpose is to get us to take a stance, suggest a response, make a decision and so forth. These are the reasons we by shoes of a particular name brand? Why our governments believe more foreign talents are good for our country? Or even why the U.S. thinks that invading Iraq is justified. It is not enough just to make a decision but to make a good decision is what matters; critical thinking is a tool that will help make things easier.A fallacy of personal attack, involves rejecting a persons argument by attacking a person rather than the person argument. "This theory about a potential cure for cancer has been introduced by a doctor who is a known lesbian feminist. I don't see why we should extend an invitation for her to speak at the World Conference on Cancer." The fallacy of attacking the motive, involves criticizing a persons motivation of offering an argument...

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