Fallacy Summary And Application Essay

783 words - 3 pages

Fallacy Summary PAGE 4
Fallacy Summary and ApplicationLeslie StacksMGT 350University of PhoenixThomas LalkaNovember 29, 2006Fallacy Summary and ApplicationAccording to Bassham, Irwin, Nardone, and Wallace (2002), "a logical fallacy is an argument that contains a mistake in reasoning." Logical fallacies are put into two categories: fallacies of relevance and fallacies of insufficient evidence. Fallacies of relevance occur when the premise of the argument is irrelevant to the conclusion. A fallacy of insufficient evidence happens when the argument brings up points that are relevant to the conclusion, but do not have sufficient evidence to prove the conclusion (Bassham, et al, 2002). Fallacies seem to be good arguments, but when examined they are found to be arguing tactics used to persuade opinions.Personal attacks are a form of fallacy of relevance. A personal attack is committed when someone rejects another person's argument, but they attack the person and not the argument. A perfect example of a personal attack was when President Bush bashed John Kerry on ABC News. President Bush was being told about Kerry's plans for the future of Iraq. When the President was questioned about his plans his answer was, "Frankly I hear desperate voices all over the place on the Democrat's side about Iraq. We've got some saying get out. The person I ran against in 2004, Senator Kerry, said he wanted a date and time when we would withdrawal" (Kerry Responds, 2006). Instead of giving a straight answer, he chose to attack the Democrats and John Kerry. When decision making, people must be aware of the difference between a relevant argument and a personal attack. It is important to ask whether the argument address the problem or the person. This will help the person come to a good decision."An appeal to pity occurs when the arguer attempts to evoke feelings of pity, when those feelings are irrelevant to the arguer's conclusion" (Bassham, et al, 2002). The arguer appeals to emotions in order to prevent the listener from thinking rationally. Recently, actor Michael Richards has been in the press for his racial tirade at the "Laugh Factory". A few days after the incident, he appeared on David Letterman to give an apology. Richards was supposed to be convincing the audience to forgive him and to believe he is truly sorry, and not a racist. During the statement he claims that he lost control and that the audience members were...

Find Another Essay On Fallacy Summary and Application

Fallacy Summary and Application Paper - UOP CSS/330 Required Paper

1124 words - 4 pages Fallacy Summary and Application PaperFallacies by definition are a false or mistaken idea's, or an often-plausible argument using false or invalid inference. There are two types of fallacies discussed in this paper. Logical fallacies of relevance are fallacies that occur because the premises are logically irrelevant to the conclusion. Logical fallacies of insufficient evidence are fallacies that occur because the premises, though logically

Fallacy Summary and Application Paper: Question Everything (CSS330)

1142 words - 5 pages Fallacy Summary and Application Paper: Question Everything Critical thinking has been defined as "A process by which we use our knowledge and intelligence to effectively arrive at the most reasonable and justifiable positions on issues, and which endeavors to identify and overcome the numerous hindrances to rational thinking." (Haskins, n.d.) To be a critical thinker it is not only essential to have a healthy skepticism of events and

Fallacy Summary and Application

1417 words - 6 pages Fallacies are common in the world but also very commonly overlooked. They are everywhere in the news, advertisements, organization, and even said between two people. People usually do not pay any attention to a fallacy. They are usually recognized when someone is looking for them. They are often pointed out all over the news, in journals, etc. Below, there are many different fallacies listed. Some are from reading material and some are from

Fallacy Summary and Application

920 words - 4 pages The word fallacy can be defined as deceptive appearance, a false or mistaken idea, or often plausible argument using false or invalid inference (Fallacy definition, 2004). Although all the definitions are apt, it is the latter that applies to critical thinking. Fallacies involved in critical thinking come in many forms. Ad hominem, slippery slope, fallacy of division and equivocation are just some of the fallacies that can be found in critical

Fallacy Summary and Application

975 words - 4 pages fallacies are essential to critical thinking and decision-making and three logical fallacies that can occur: the fallacy of equivocation, the loaded question fallacy, and the straw man fallacy.The fallacy of equivocation transpires when a single word or phrase is used with two different meanings in an argument. In order to prove that the fallacy of equivocation has occurred, a person must identify the word that is used twice and then provide a

Fallacy Summary and Application - 1084 words

1084 words - 4 pages Critical thinking is essential skill for good decision-making and problem solving. As in most decision-making and problem solving situations, arguments are important in proving your ideas or claims to be reasonable, but sometimes those arguments can be fallacious. "A logical fallacy--or fallacy, for short--is an argument that contains a mistake in reasoning." (Bassham, Irwin, Nardone, and Wallace, 2002) Fallacies are common in everyday life and

Fallacy Summary and Application - 1061 words

1061 words - 4 pages The use of critical thinking requires one to understand how to comprehend an argument. Part of this comprehension includes the ability to recognize a logical fallacy in an argument. The understanding of logical fallacies will help one become a better critical thinker by enabling them to break apart an argument from an opponent and debate the argument by pointing out the flaws. In this paper three logical fallacies will be discussed: the false

Fallacy Summary and Application - 1061 words

1061 words - 4 pages Anytime a television is turned on, a radio program is listened to, or a debate is being carried out, there will always be an instance of some sort of logical fallacy. It is not always the intent of the speaker to be "lying" but more so to be persuasive. A logical fallacy is a reasoning error. There are several different types of fallacies but they can be split up into two different groups: fallacies of relevance and fallacies of insufficient

Fallacy Summary and Application - 870 words

870 words - 3 pages logically irrelevant to a conclusion. A fallacy of insufficient evidence fails to provide sufficient evidence to support the conclusion though its premise can be logically relevant. The ability to identify logical fallacies in the arguments of others, and to avoid them in one's own arguments, is both valuable and increasingly rare (Holt, 2005). Three fallacies that fall into either one of the above categories, there definitions and significance with

Fallacy Summary and Application Hasty generalization; Appeal to authority; and Common belief.

1361 words - 5 pages Fallacy Summary and ApplicationEvery day, minute and second of our lives, we are relentlessly showered by information, information which we need and don't; some true and some false. Television and radio are some of the prime culprit (stoneforest.org, 2005). With the internet, things seem verging out of control, not to mention the nonstop rumbling of those around us such as our employers, friends and relatives. Almost all the time, the

Fallacy Summary and Application MGT 350 - Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision-Making July 16, 2005

1358 words - 5 pages Fallacy Summary and Application Paper Fallacy: defined by Merriam-Webster as "deceptive appearance" or "false or mistaken idea". Fallacies are everywhere in the media, workplace, and even the home. Fallacies contain relevance, premises, arguments, and factual errors. In business today, it is important to be able to identify fallacies or organizational profitability could be adversely affected. This paper will define three fallacies

Similar Essays

Fallacy Summary And Application Essay 1606 Words

1606 words - 6 pages Fallacy Summary and ApplicationAbstract:The focus of this paper is on logical errors known as fallacies. If an argument contains a fallacy, then the conclusion will not necessarily be proven (Richardson, para 2). Some fallacies are merely accidental, but fallacies can also be used to trick a listener or reader into believing faulty conclusions. This paper will describe three logical fallacies and give an example of each.Fallacy Summary and

Fallacy Summary And Application Essay 1186 Words

1186 words - 5 pages department head feels as if the suggestion is way out in left field. The paper then discussed what critical thinking is and why fallacy arguments are important to critical thinking. And lastly discussed was the general application of critical thinking and fallacies to decision-making.References:Patnaik, P. (2002, January). On Some Common Macroeconomic Fallacies. Retrieved December 18, 2005, from http://www.networkideas.orgThe Associated Press

Fallacy Summary And Application Paper

1325 words - 5 pages AbstractIn my paper I will identify and define three fallacies. I will explain their significance in relation to the Critical Thinking process and discuss their application to Decision - Making. Lastly, I will provide examples to illustrate each of the chosen fallacies.Fallacy Summary and Application PaperWhat do you see when you look at Begging the Question, Hasty Generalization, and Appealing to Emotion? When you initially look at these three

Fallacy Summary And Application Mgt/350 Essay

782 words - 3 pages fallacies as it pertains to critical thinking as well as their general application to decision-making.Appeal to Emotion FallacyAppeal to emotion occurs when the arguer uses emotional appeals to persuade a listener to his or her way of thinking. This fallacy can appeal to pride, pity, fear, hate, vanity, or sympathy of the listener. This fallacy is most often used in politics and advertising, this appeal to emotion calls for the listener to believe in