All societies and regimes fall eventually, no matter how perfect they may seem to be. Even the United States will fall at some point. Many great societies diminish and ultimately fail due to political imbalancement, a lack of physical resources, and civil wars. Nazi Germany, Ancient Rome, Pre-Civil War America, and the society from the novel Divergent by Veronica Roth all stand accused.
One common reason for the downfall of many societies is political imbalancement. This is true for the society in my novel, Divergent. In the story, the protagonist Beatrice (a.k.a Tris) lives in post-apocalyptic Chicago, Illinois. The citizens are divided into five factions: Abnegation (the selfless), Candor (the honest), Erudite (the intelligent), Dauntless (the brave), and Amity (the peaceful). All political power in the government resides with the Abnegation faction, being that they are supposedly incorruptible. This angers some of the other factions, such as the Erudite. “Perhaps the answer is that we have entrusted our city to a group of proselytizing tyrants who do not how to lead us out of poverty and into prosperity”(Roth 233-244). The Erudite publish many diminishing newspaper articles, and eventually spark a civil war. Such is the same with Ancient Rome. “Octavian knew that the Romans prized their republic. He told them he was restoring the authority of the Senate. But in fact, he was in complete control” (TCI Lesson 8, Section 6). As an empire, ancient Rome was governed by one single man who held all the power; the emperor.This led to an extremely unbalanced government were the emperor could basically do whatever he pleased, no matter how it affected his citizens or their well being.
As you can see, political imbalancement can be one of the leading factors to a diminishing society.
Imagine if a city was low on water, and their only sources of food were far away. If this city was attacked and besieged, how long do you think it would last? It simply wouldn’t. A lack of common natural resources is a factor that caused the downfall of society in Divergent. This novel takes place in post-apocalyptic Chicago, Illinois. But, in this time period, lake Michigan is a...