False memory, second to forgetting, is one of the two fundamental types of deformation in episodic memory (Holliday, Brainerd & Reyna, 2010). Simply stated, false memory is the propensity to account normal occurrences as being a fraction of a key experience that in actuality was not an element of that experience (Holliday, Brainerd & Reyna). False memories are something nearly everyone experience. Furthermore, false memory is defined as placed together, constructed representations of mental schemas that are incorrect (Solso, MacLin & MacLin, 2008). Individuals do not intentionally fabricate their memory. However, perceptual and social factors are a few things that a responsible for manipulating memory (Solso, MacLin & MacLin, 2008). Researchers argue that some recalled memories of an individual’s past are artificial (Solso, MacLin & MacLin, 2008). The reason researchers suggest for these fabricated representations of the past are created by therapeutic techniques possibly to gratify the therapist (Solso, MacLin & MacLin, 2008).
A person’s memory of particular life events are swayed by the correlated events that pursue them (Zaragoza, Mitchell, Payment & Drivdahl, 2011). For instance, after a tragic event, an individual is more susceptible to things surrounding them. Unintentionally, things are being stored into memory that may or may not be factual or related to the specific event. In efforts to explain false memories, researchers developed a technique called “lost in the mall”. In the “lost in the mall” technique study, participants were provided with diminutive descriptions of events that took place during their childhood, as well as, a false account of the participant being lost in the mall during childhood (Solso, MacLin & MacLin, 2008). Approximately 25% participants actually believed this false occurrence to be factual (Solso, MacLin & MacLin).
The phenomenon of explaining false memory occurrences is rising. Researchers have developed a paradigm known as “Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm” in efforts to examine false memories in depth (Dehon, Laroi & Van der Linden, 2011). In the DRM paradigm, participants are introduced to and asked to memorize a list of correlated words congregating towards a vital subject word that is never introduced (Dehon, Laroi & Van der Linden, 2011). The rate that participants recall this false decoy is alarming. Researchers have provided several explanations to explain for the false memories in the DRM paradigm (Dehon, Laroi & Van der Linden, 2011). The two most notable in explaining false memories in the DRM paradigm are the fuzzy-trace theory and the activation/monitoring theory (Dehon, Laroi & Van der Linden, 2011). While the two theories are particularly dissimilar, they both sustain that information developing throughout list encoding attributes an essential part in false memory construction (Dehon, Laroi & Van der Linden, 2011).
Moreover, research also examined the effects of age on...