False Memory And Eyewitness Testimony Essay

2096 words - 8 pages

False Memories are essentially, unintentional human errors, or a state of none-factual creativeness; which results in persons having declared memories of events and situations that did not occur in the actuality of their own lifespan reality history. If they were not unintentional errors they would be deception, which has the nature of a different purpose, morality and legality. False memories have no authenticity, realness or legitimacy, in the subject’s actual life. However they may not be complete false memories: more likely to be a combination of subjugation of previous memory cue’s; or imaginative inventive production, activated and initiated by an origination of external scenario additive as a prompt, indicator or sign, which fuses into memory recall. Therefore ‘False Memories’ are a genuine but inaccurate remembering of experimental data or recall of an genuine occurrences; both of which have rudiments of accuracy and inaccuracy in their transitive attention, giving most ‘False Memories’ partiality.
In the episodic sense, that is the category of long-term memory which involves the recollection of a specific event, as is the case of ‘Eye Witness Testimony’; but which also recalls the situation and experience formulated around the time and location: there are two separate processes, a dual theory of recollection and familiarity, (Yonelinas, A.P. 2002 p441) who asserts that it is best explained by the scenario of identifying a person (familiarity) but also have the inability to bring to mind who the person is or when they were encountered them, an amaurosis of (recollection). According to (Gardiner 2002) he notes that whilst episodic memory is autonoetic, that is a memory has the ability to place us in the past, it also has noticism, it has an intuitive knowing working towards meaning and purpose, a subjective placement of memory. In any episodic event there is a search for meaning to that event is connected to symantic memory, the placing of events in the world at large. With the history of these events come emotions related to those events: an emotional memory. In his analysis of emotional depth (Ratcliffe 2012 p2) argues that experiences that are significant to us have emotional conceptuality, they are never felt in a detached mode and that there is no such notion of impartiality to episodic occurrences.
They are therefore genuine to the subject’s reiteration of recalled memory, but not valid to their authentic, factual, experiential life history. They are imbued with emotional meaning and the search for that meaning, and emotional meaning is a subjective process: as is emotional recall. Cognitive reappraisal is noted as common in everyday life (Richards & Gross 2000) : thus any episode of ‘Eye Witness’ testimony has gone through a process of reappraisal.
The Research has recognised that the creative constructions of these false memories are the resultant of emotional episodic proceedings, whose roots are external to the subject:...

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