This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

False Memory And Eyewitness Testimony Essay

2096 words - 8 pages

False Memories are essentially, unintentional human errors, or a state of none-factual creativeness; which results in persons having declared memories of events and situations that did not occur in the actuality of their own lifespan reality history. If they were not unintentional errors they would be deception, which has the nature of a different purpose, morality and legality. False memories have no authenticity, realness or legitimacy, in the subject’s actual life. However they may not be complete false memories: more likely to be a combination of subjugation of previous memory cue’s; or imaginative inventive production, activated and initiated by an origination of external scenario additive as a prompt, indicator or sign, which fuses into memory recall. Therefore ‘False Memories’ are a genuine but inaccurate remembering of experimental data or recall of an genuine occurrences; both of which have rudiments of accuracy and inaccuracy in their transitive attention, giving most ‘False Memories’ partiality.
In the episodic sense, that is the category of long-term memory which involves the recollection of a specific event, as is the case of ‘Eye Witness Testimony’; but which also recalls the situation and experience formulated around the time and location: there are two separate processes, a dual theory of recollection and familiarity, (Yonelinas, A.P. 2002 p441) who asserts that it is best explained by the scenario of identifying a person (familiarity) but also have the inability to bring to mind who the person is or when they were encountered them, an amaurosis of (recollection). According to (Gardiner 2002) he notes that whilst episodic memory is autonoetic, that is a memory has the ability to place us in the past, it also has noticism, it has an intuitive knowing working towards meaning and purpose, a subjective placement of memory. In any episodic event there is a search for meaning to that event is connected to symantic memory, the placing of events in the world at large. With the history of these events come emotions related to those events: an emotional memory. In his analysis of emotional depth (Ratcliffe 2012 p2) argues that experiences that are significant to us have emotional conceptuality, they are never felt in a detached mode and that there is no such notion of impartiality to episodic occurrences.
They are therefore genuine to the subject’s reiteration of recalled memory, but not valid to their authentic, factual, experiential life history. They are imbued with emotional meaning and the search for that meaning, and emotional meaning is a subjective process: as is emotional recall. Cognitive reappraisal is noted as common in everyday life (Richards & Gross 2000) : thus any episode of ‘Eye Witness’ testimony has gone through a process of reappraisal.
The Research has recognised that the creative constructions of these false memories are the resultant of emotional episodic proceedings, whose roots are external to the subject:...

Find Another Essay On false memory and eyewitness testimony

Alien Abduction Explained by False Memory Syndrome and Sleep Paralysis

1319 words - 5 pages Can alien abductions be elucidated scientifically as a product of sleep paralysis, false memory, dreams, or just an overactive imagination? The abductees say that they were awakened from sleep and transported to an alien spacecraft. The description of which usually begins with what sounds like an episode of sleep paralysis. Up to 60 percent of people have experienced sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis transpires just prior to falling asleep

Judges and jurists have great faith in the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. Psychologists, however, would have us believe eyewitnesses have little to offer the Criminal Justice System. Discuss

2488 words - 10 pages recall errors. Yet, if judges and juries are aware of the factors that can impede accuracy in the courtroom and appropriate measures are taken to reduce these, it will help insure that they hear the most reliable eyewitness testimony possible. It must be noted however, that even if the jury hear a completely honest and reliable testimony, they too are only human and therefore subject to the same memory deficiencies, and as Cohen (1990) points out, trials are often full of stories about arguments over misremembered witness evidence!

Bias and False Memory Recall

685 words - 3 pages Memory refers to the facts, events or other kinds of information we have acquired in the past and the processes involved in the acquisition, retention and retrieval of the this information (Glisky, 2011). Our memory is critically important to us. We rely on its validity everyday to perform basic functions such as recalling our name, age and home address. Our memory also forms an integral part of our personality: our recollection of our life

Bias and False Memory Recall

1442 words - 6 pages Memory refers to the “facts, events or other kinds of information we have acquired in the past and the processes involved in the acquisition, retention and retrieval of the this information” (Glisky, 2011). We rely on the validity of our memories everyday to perform basic functions such as recalling our name, age and home address. Our memory also forms an integral part of our personality: our recollection of our life experiences. However, can

Veracity to Patients

1417 words - 6 pages causes that lead to the fallibility of eyewitness accounts. Memory & Cognition It has been suggested that many of the reasons people make mistakes when recalling eyewitness accounts is due in part to our cognition (Nelson et al., 2011). Social and cognitive psychologists conducting studies on the reliability of eyewitness accounts have found that many factors influence false and/or inaccurate eyewitness testimony. Research has found that many

Eyewitness Error

1178 words - 5 pages is not only affected during an observed event, but there are instances where memory can be influenced after an event as well. There are also instances where memory can be affected retroactively due to personal experiences and biases. Incorrectly recalling the memories of one’s life is usually not detrimental, but the flawed nature of long-term and short-term memory functions becomes a serious matter in regards to criminal eyewitness testimony

Veracity to Patients

1531 words - 7 pages memory and perception, as well as, the factors that create false memory, stress, cognitive confirmation biases, co-witnesses, and false confessions. I also believe that it is an important step to focus on other aspects of witness testimony. While there is a substantial amount of research done on eyewitness testimony, there is very little in the way of ear witness testimony. It would be worthwhile to research the reliability of ear witness

Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony

2054 words - 8 pages ‘right’ suspect. Other people, false facts, and sounds can also cause an eyewitness’ memory to become distorted (About). For a testimony to be considered accurate 80-90% of the questions asked should be answered correctly by the eyewitness (About). Based on the research we have gathered on eyewitness testimony, in general,it has some very unreliable factors to it. We had come upon many psychologist experiments,studies, and reports on the accuracy of

False Memory

596 words - 3 pages their testimony. Thus, if eyewitness’ testimony is being used as a key component of the prosecutor’s case, then it should undergo an extensive screening process to verify the accounts being declared by the witness. However, this can cloud the waters because psychologist for the defense can claim false memories, while the psychologist for the prosecution will say otherwise. The phenomenon of false memory plagues our judicial system, and it

Psychological research shows that eyewitness testimony is not always accurate, therefore it should not be used in the criminal justice system. Dis

1463 words - 6 pages performed by Odinot and Wolters (2006) had quite the opposite result and found that confidence was a reasonable predictor of eyewitness accuracy and from what he has seen, memory experts think it shouldn't be used as an indicator. Odinot et al says that this should only be the case in line-up identifications. Some novices and legal professionals opinions are that an eyewitness that has high confidence levels when giving a testimony has great

Eyewitness Testimony

1807 words - 8 pages impairing and not accurate. When asked to confirm or to answer a question they can easily start to question themselves. Selective attention does not occur in many cases. This can be supported by Yuille and Cutshall’s important point, that some cases even though months have past the memory of the stressful event can be accurate. On another note, eyewitness testimony cause a negative impact. A person can use it against another in order to frame them

Similar Essays

Eyewitness Identification And Reliable Testimony Essay

2839 words - 11 pages Eyewitness identification and testimony play a huge role in the criminal justice system today, but skepticism of eyewitnesses has been growing. Forensic evidence has been used to undermine the reliability of eyewitness testimony, and the leading cause of false convictions in the United States is due to misidentifications by eyewitnesses. The role of eyewitness testimony in producing false confessions and the factors that contribute to the

Racial Bullying And Eyewitness Testimony Essay

1860 words - 7 pages themselves to achieve high. Problem 2: Eyewitness Testimony Due to numerous errors occurred in Eyewitness Testimony (EWT) from failures in Source Memory, Scotland Yard has asked to provide an overview of psychological theory for the type of memory under consideration and to (a) provide them with possible interventions for improving this type of memory and (b) outline how it might be able to measure the efficacy of this intervention

False Memory Syndrome And The Brain

1171 words - 5 pages False Memory Syndrome And The Brain In the mid-nineties, a sniper's hammering shots echoed through an American playground. Several children were killed and many injured. A 1998 study of the 133 children who attended the school by psychologists Dr. Robert Pynoos and Dr. Karim Nader, experts on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among children, yielded a very bizarre discovery. Some of the children who were not on the schools grounds that

To What Extent Is An Eyewitness Testimony Credible And Therefore Be Used In Court?

2105 words - 8 pages memory research is tailored to criminal cases in which the relevance of an expert’s testimony is minimal to the actual case. The second reason is that relatively little eyewitness memory research has examined long-term memory for events, but rather that of the short-term memory. Although there is lack of memory in short term, some experts say that over a longer period of time the brain will remember and recall specific tragic events. Witnesses are