A family is a group of people consisting of the parents and their children who live together and they are blood related. The family is always perceived as the basic social units whether they are living together in the same compound or at far distance but are closely related especially by blood. Therefore, the family unit has had a great influence on the growth and the character traits possessed by the children as they grow up and how they perceive the society they live in (Bourne, 2006). The family also shapes the children to be able to relate well with other people that are not part of their family and with a good relationship it impacts to the peace achieved in a country. This paper addresses the reasons as to why the family is considered the most important agent of socialization. It’s evident that families have changed over time and they have adopted different ways of living. This paper also tackles on the causes of the dramatic changes to the American family and what the changes are. Different people with different race, gender and preferences make the family unit and this makes the difference in marriages. This will also be discussed in this paper.
The family as a primary agent of socialization
Family is considered as the major or primary agent of socialization among others since every person is born in a family and brought up in a family before engaging with other activities like schooling in the society (Monnier, 2011). The family has the first opportunity to impact a personality to the children born within it and they get to learn from the parents. Most of the values and the attributes of a person are learning either consciously or unconsciously by a person as they continue interacting with the close family members like the parents and the siblings. Therefore, the family is the initial social institution that aides in shaping or forming a persons’ personality or character traits. This might be different from one family to the other due to the diversity of the family structures in each family unit. First of all is the sex of the children whether female or male. Parents socialize their children differently depending on the sex of the child. For instance, parents tend to be gentle with girls than the boys and this even helps in building the characters of each child. Since women are gentle and not rough they will learn that through the way the parents treat them. Boys learn to be rough and strong through the experience and how their parents handle them since their childhood. The parent’s financial status or class is also another factor that dictates on how parents bring up their children. Parents with high income and high class treat their children with lots of luxurious things and to some extend the children grow up being very irresponsible and not aggressive enough in life. On the other hand the children brought up in humble family background learn to be responsible, to work hard, and they hardships prepare them to...