Bernal, G. (2006). Intervention Development and Cultural Adaptation Research With Diverse Families. Family Process, 45(2), 143-151. doi: 10.1111/j.545-5300.2006.00087.x
Bernal’s (2006) research focuses on answering how ethnicity and culture play a role in the treatment process and how interventions may need to be adapted or tailored to meet the needs of diverse families? Bernal’s research looks at a framework that included neurobiological, cognitive, developmental, and epidemiologic research; the development of interventions, testing of the efficacy of interventions; practice research; review of findings to identify effective interventions; and the social, economic, and cultural context. Findings in these five areas were considered a basis for developing and testing interventions among a total of seven articles. The seven articles showed a range of treatment development and cultural adaptation research with diverse populations at different points in the research development process. The research found that there is little research on family interventions and the family process should be an area for treatment research.
Celando, M. P., & Kaslow, N.J. (2000). Culturally competent family interventions: Review and case illustrations. American Journal Of Family Therapy, 28(3), 217-228. doi: 10.1080/01926180050081658
Due to the extensive lack of research on culturally competent family interventions, Celando & Kaslow’s (2000) study seeks to critically review assessment and intervention strategies for use with ethnic minority families in the United States. This article pinpoints how cultural factors will affect minority families. The family’s culturally based definitions of the nature, timing, significance, tasks, and rituals of lifecycle phases and transitions can cause a family’s ability to negotiate or cause dysfunction. Migration is one attribution to these transitions affecting family communication. Migration can affect several generations of family members, and is influenced by the family’s stage of development, cultural patterns, and the new culture. The study notes that in order to have successful culturally competent family interventions therapists need to make modifications in structure and format for therapy. One important suggestion provided is to have longer sessions, especially when a translator or interpreter is present. The therapist should embrace and respect the changing composition of the family and nonfamily participants in sessions. It is suggested that family sessions with culturally diverse families be held in community settings such as churches or schools or at the family’s home. The final suggestion provided is that termination needs to be gradual or delayed. Goals for culturally diverse families need to consider role of authority, meaning of family problems, and culturally based values of both the therapist and the family. When it comes to decision-making, families from various cultural backgrounds differ on...