This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Family Roles, Women, And Sex: Views Through Early Modern Europe

1570 words - 7 pages

How society views family roles, women, and sex, speaks to the idea of the time. Late Medieval Europe viewed these topics through the lens of the Catholic Church. These views began to a transition toward the lens of the law through events like the Reformation and voyages to the New World. Advances in science changed these ideas for it opened gateways of intellectual discourse. The French Revolution demonstrates the changes to understanding of family roles, women, and sex had changed; from a marriage which was wholesome where sex was sacred and a woman was to rear children to a marriage which was broken where sex was open to public scrutiny.
In the discourse of family relations, views of women, and sex, it is necessary to begin with the standing that Catholicism held on the issues. The nuclear family model was the ideal of the Catholic Church; for this model provided protection, stability, and business connections. Ozment describes the nuclear family as the “total subjection of the wife to home and husband, of the home to the production of children, and of the children to the will of their parents” (Ozment, pg. 2). This view provides that a woman’s only purpose in life was to marry and bear children; if this was not viable she could enter the convent as not to be a finical burden upon her family. The Catholic Church also had strict views on the topic of sex, which was no sex outside of marriage and only in marriage to procreate. This view was held for the Church believed that “an upright person took pleasure only in God and used the things of the world to God’s glory, fallen men and women were enslaved to their lust and passions, no longer masters of their wills, and eager to worship the world in place of its creator” (Ozment, pg. 10). The Catholic Church’s ideal marriage was one in which the father was head of the household, the mother was to give life to heirs, and the sex had a singular purpose of procreation.
The Reformation introduced new ideas about family roles and marriage. Family roles did not stray from the Catholic views, however marriage encountered changes. The largest was the discussion of divorce; Catholicism was strictly adhered to the idea that marriage was never to be broken, while Protestants saw room for improvement in failing marriages. Grounds for divorce were as such, impotence, desertion, or willful abandonment (Ozment, pg. 90-91). Martin Luther deemed marriage as un-sacramental handed the enforcement of it over the secular government (Ozment, pg. 31). Marriage was slowly becoming a secular idea in society as new marriage laws emerged. The Reformation continued change in society through the view of women. Martin Luther perceived convents as unfit institutions for women were often placed there out of their free will. The Memoir of Catalina de Erauso is a prime example of this, she tells a tale of her young entry into the convent and her escape; she first arrived at the convent at the age of four (Stepto, pg. 3). Catalina...

Find Another Essay On Family Roles, Women, and Sex: Views through Early Modern Europe

Christianity in Early-Modern Europe Essay

1096 words - 5 pages The role of religion in early-modern Europe (from about 1400 to 1700) religion remained an essential ‘lens’ through which members of this period viewed their lives and the world around them. The influence of religious outlooks was always important during this time period. This can be seen through Cabeza de Vaca’s Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America, Michel de Montaigne’s On Cannibals, and the political works of philosophers Thomas

Sex Roles in Parsons Family Essay

1951 words - 8 pages family in which the key reference is the marital relationship of husband and wife. Some families may fit this description, though many will not. The basis of sex roles ---------------------- The most important function performed by Parsons family is the stabilisation of the adult personality and the socialisation of children. This takes place through a four fold role model that constitutes the structure of the

Was Early Modern Europe a Persecuting Society?

1507 words - 6 pages Modern Europe had a persecuting society. Additionally, the influences that created the methods of persecution as well as having an effect on them once they were actually in place shall be looked at. This is an attempt to explain what made the avenues of persecution grow and become as relevant as they did to Early Modern society. There is a great deal of historiography regarding the witchcraft trials and the reason for their existence. Of

The Differences and Similarities of the Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe

2233 words - 9 pages While taking the class of Early Modern European History there was two states that really stuck out and peaked my interest the most. They were the Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe. If you compare and contrast both the Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe during the 16th Century through the 18th Century, you will see that there are a number of similarities as well as differences when you look at the expansion of the states. You will also

Allegations of both Male and Female Witches in Early Modern Europe

2264 words - 10 pages The witch hunts in early modern Europe were extensive and far reaching. Christina Larner, a sociology professor at the University of Glasgow and an influential witchcraft historian provides valuable insight into the witch trials in early modern Europe in her article 'Was Witch-Hunting Woman-Hunting?'. Larner writes that witchcraft was not sex-specific, although it was sex-related (Larner, 2002). It cannot be denied that gender plays a tremendous

The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe - How it came about, progressed, and ended

718 words - 3 pages The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern EuropeDuring the 13th century, the increasing association of ideas about heresy with ideas about sorcery lead to the development of the concept of witchcraft being devil worship, which paved the way for the witch-hunt in Europe (Monter viii). In 1487, Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger, who were serving as inquisitors for Pope Innocent VIII, published the Malleus Maleficarum or "Hammer of Witches". The Malleus had

Did Science and Magic Become Incompatible in Early Modern Europe? If So Why?

1561 words - 6 pages perceived in this way in early modern Europe. Magic was an accepted part of early modern society, and was no more or less accepted than science.Science and magic differed in where the knowledge was obtained from. Science was taught through education and was formal in its basis, whereas magic took advantage of the development of print to spread knowledge. The literacy rate was fairly high in Western Europe and this meant that suddenly knowledge

Security of the Political and Social Position of the Nobility in Early Modern Europe

1908 words - 8 pages Security of the Political and Social Position of the Nobility in Early Modern Europe The nobility of early modern Europe were descended on the whole from the mounted knights of medieval armies who had been granted land along with social and political privileges and had subsequently formed a higher social class. Between 1500-1789 the status of the aristocracy came under threat both politically and socially. The rise of

roles of women through out history

1087 words - 5 pages earlier centuries, it was almost unheard of, even if you were gay or lesbian you did not speak of it. The idea of same sex marriage was not even a thought. If a woman wanted a job, it was almost taboo, most men thought a woman’s job was to be submissive to man and raise children. Even as times changed and working women became more real, a woman could do the same job as a man but get paid less, due to the fact she was female. Even today in some

Advantages to the Industrial Revolution in Early Modern Europe

1674 words - 7 pages Spinning’ (1794).” In Documents in the History of Early Modern Europe. Ed. Ken MacMillan. Calgary: University of Calgary, 2011. Pp. 48-49. Appleby & Sawyer, Bernard Bischoff & Sons. “Extract from Appleby & Sawyer, Bernard Bischoff & Sons, ‘Letter from the Leeds Cloth Merchants’ (1791) In Documents in the History of Early Modern Europe. Ed. Ken MacMillan. Calgary: University of Calgary, 2011. Pp. 46-47. Hepworth, Joseph, Lobley, Thomas, and

Witch Hunters in Early Modern Europe - Level 2 - Essay

1736 words - 7 pages Review Kibler, William, Medieval France (New York: Garland Publishing, 1995 Levack, Brian, The Witchcraft Sourcebook (USA: Routledge, 2004) Levack, Brian, The Witch Hunt in Early Modern Europe (London: Longman, 2004) Levack, Brian, Witch Hunts in the Western World: Persecution and Punishment from the Inquisition through the Salem Trials (USA: Greenwood Press, 2009) Lauretti, Sofia

Similar Essays

Early Modern Europe Essay

1626 words - 7 pages and laws were enacted.” Is in the dimension of tributary jurisdiction that the analyses of the early modern assemblies emphasizes, for the legislative and consultative functions no longer were the priority for the diversity of parliaments, diets and estates. It has been argued that the nature of the parliament, bicameral or three-curial system, highly influenced the success of the institution, but Koenigsberger refutes that old idea by widening

The Unfair Prosecution Of Women: Witchcraft In Early Modern Europe

2270 words - 9 pages and rural policy for the University of Wagenigen, provides socio-economic and rural views of the prosecution of witches in early modern Europe. He explains the evolution of witchcraft belief that coincided with agricultural and societal development. Brian Levack takes an in-depth look at all aspects of witchcraft in his Articles on Witchcraft, Magic, and Demonology: a Twelve Volume Anthology of Scholarly Articles, from which I chose to examine

The Control Of Women In Early Modern Europe

1526 words - 7 pages strengthening the power of the husband, you strengthen the power of the family (Scchneider 235). It is clear equal rights for men and women did not appear until well after the sixteenth and seventh centuries in early modern Europe. Women were under the control of men. Works Cited Schneider, Zoe. “Women Before the Bench: Female Litigants in Early Modern Normandy.” Early Modern Europe: Issues and Interpretations. Eds. James B. Collins and Karen

Women In Early Europe Essay

883 words - 4 pages on to point out through the text that these Women were victims of Misogyny due to the definition of Witchcraft being so broad and actually fitting the descriptions of the lives of many women. The patriarchal society of Europe at the time also bound women to lives of a lesser class if they were not living under the protection of men. Women were also seen as sex objects, and were seen as a threat to men who viewed women as untrustworthy and