Famous Pioneers Of The Enlightenment Essay

1318 words - 5 pages

The breakthroughs that came out of the Scientific Revolution had a profound impact on the Enlightenment period. The Enlightenment movement would not have been possible if it weren’t for the brave men who dared to go against established ways of thinking. These men took risks and put themselves at the mercy of public scrutiny. They not only asked questions about the workings of our world but also devised new scientific methods that uncovered new truths about our very existence. Instead of relying on religious dogma and mystical practices, common during the 16th and 17th century to help answer questions, they developed their own hypothesis. They built upon the foundations of knowledge laid down by great thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle, and other great classical thinkers. The Scientific Revolution produced thinkers who sought to prove or disclaim those old theories by relying on their new scientific methods. They asked thought provoking questions, questions that were often times controversial, and they refused to accept scripture as the sole source of truth. They tested their new theories by conducting methodical experiments employing highly complex mathematical formulas, new tools, and measurements. Their primary purpose was to define and explain the world in which they lived in by using methodical and calculated experiments. They believed this would help to uncover the truth. This very principle also put them in direct conflict with church authorities. The church was losing power and was no longer becoming the major focus of attention. These new thinkers challenged church authority and threatened the church’s role in society. These ideas toward uncovering truth continued to over into the Enlightenment movement.
The Enlightenment was a period of time marked by a new way of thinking. Just like the Scientific Revolutions it also sought to do away with religious dogma and put more emphasis on the reason of, man. This period borrowed and applied Scientific Revolution’s new scientific methods and applied them to the study of human behavior. The Enlightenment put more faith on man’s reason and rationalism to help solve and provide answers to all levels of societies issues such as economics, government, politics, and social class. In the Enlightenment it was believed that humans had the ability to progress forward with out the reliance and guidance of an absolute monarchy or religious institution. Education for everyone was the key unlocking our potential. The more educated people were, the more they would be able to make rational decisions for the good of the people and their country. In this essay I will talk about a few key people during the Scientific Revolution and their accomplishments, and then I will discuss their influences on the Enlightenment, specifically on the philosophes and artists.
Nicolaus Copernicus was one of the first scientists to really start to question the placement of the Earth in relation to the...

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