This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Origins Of Fascism Essay

1596 words - 7 pages

The origins of Fascism as a political ideology and party are often attributed to Benito Mussolini who pioneered the concept in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (Kallis, 2000). The Fascist ideology viewed the nation as an all-embracing entity; outside of the state no one person is inherently valuable (Kallis, 2000). Fascism utilises the totalitarian style of governing and is therefore opposed to the socialist doctrine which advocates a cooperative society (Kallis, 2000). There are several definitions of the word Fascism and it is defined by The Merriam-Webster on-line dictionary (2013) as "a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralised autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition”. When Fascism is mentioned it is usually in reference to certain regimes in countries like Italy, Germany, Spain and Indonesia; with Italy and Germany being the most notable. This essay will explain the ideology of Fascism as it pertains to both countries and discuss the similarities and differences between Italian Fascism focusing on Benito Mussolini’s reign and fascism in Germany, specifically Adolf Hitler’s National Socialism, also known as Nazism.
The Fascist ideology first developed in Italy in association with the National Fascist Party, which was led by Benito Mussolini for twenty-one years starting in 1922 (Kallis, 2000). The primary source of Italian fascism was a strong sense of Italian nationalism and the goal of expanding italian territories which was essential to achieving the nation’s goal of establishing itself as a world power (Lazzaro, 2005). Mussolini’s fascist state placed emphasis on patriotism, national identity, opposition to communism, respect for military principles and unwavering allegiance to the good of the state (Lazzaro, 2005). The National Fascist Party was created by Benito Mussolini as the political platform to push his fascist ideology (Smith, 1983). The party would over the course of history prove itself essential in promoting and garnering support for Mussolini’s vision (Smith, 1983). Membership of the National Fascist Party also known as the PNF became essential to seeking out employment or receiving any form of government aid (Sarti, 1974). Supporters of Italian Fascism and it’s surrounding ideology believed that in order for Italian nationalism to succeed Italian people needed to show loyalty, unity and commitment to the vision of a stronger Italy (Larsen et al, n.d.). Italian Fascism was highly concerned with purity of youth, especially in regards to sexuality. Fascist Italy encouraged what it defined as sexually normal conduct in youth while condemning any sexual practices that strayed from that norm. Pornography, the use of most forms of contraception, homosexuality, and prostitution were harshly condemned in Fascist Italy as they were considered...

Find Another Essay On The Origins of Fascism

The Origins of Psychology Essay

1486 words - 6 pages dive in to the origins of these different perspectives. Works Cited The understanding of ourselves and the humans around us has been studied by many great historical scholars such as Aristotle and Descartes. Scholars like these would ask psychological questions about what drives us and why. It was not until the late nineteenth century that psychological research was considered as its own scientific discipline. Psychology began in 1879 when

The Origins of Occidentalism Essay

2648 words - 11 pages Occidentalism is, anti-modernism. Occidentalists dislike: the advancement, rational and the restraint of the modern west. There has always been opposition to the development of the west. Occidentalism creates a dehumanising picture of the west, painted by its’ enemies. Buruma and Margalit (2004) state, Occidentalism has its’ origins in the West. Buruma (2004) argues, contemporary Islamic occidentalists are not fully foreign to the West they

The Origins of Surrealism

2003 words - 8 pages important period in art as the work was symbolic and left up to the interpretation of the audience. There was no ‘objective’ truth to the work and the audience could interpret the piece as they saw fit. Surrealism leaves a legacy that goes beyond Magritte’s bowler hats and Dali’s melted watches. It has paved the way Green 7 for other expressive forms of art. Its influence has transcended the visual arts and literature, where it had its origins, into

The Rise of Fascism in Italy

645 words - 3 pages Rise of fascism in ItalyThe end of WWII brought inflation, unemployment and talk of revolution to Italy.Peasants confiscated land they had been promised. Strikes were countered by lockout which was countered by occupying factories.Italy felt humiliated b/c of the peace treaty and the fact they didn't get Dalmatian islands and other bigger western powers treated them like doody.Gabriele d' Annunzio, Italy's most famous poet, led an expedition and

Oswald Mosley the Godfather of British Fascism

3032 words - 12 pages In the late 1930's, German novelist Thomas Mann described fascism as'a disease of the times, which is at home everywhere and from which no country is free,'Fascism was spreading through Europe, Mussolini in Italy and Hitler in Germany, was it inevitable that it would soon spread and become popular in Britain of the 1930's? Historian A.J.P Taylor described Oswald Mosley as,"The greatest comet of British politics in the twentieth century… a

Benito Mussolini and the rise of fascism

1038 words - 4 pages . Hitler and Mussolini supported each other, however as the years went by, Benito Mussolini became more and more influenced by Hitler. The rise of Benito Mussolini and his political party played a critical role in the growth of fascism as well as Italy's decision to side with Germany in World War 2.Before Benito Mussolini and his fascist regime came to power, Italy was in a horrible state. Italy had suffered badly during the First World War having

Finding Fascism: Fascism Defined in the Context of Mussolini’s Italy and Nazi Germany

1510 words - 7 pages Because fascism has been practiced in a variety of locations, at differing points in history, with no specific guidelines, every seemingly practical definition of fascism is simply too limiting to serve as a proper definition. Furthermore, to speak of fascism in generalizations prohibits one from truly understanding the completely confused concept. To avoid such generalizations, one must look at fascism as it was found in specific examples

Origins of the Cold War

1311 words - 5 pages A) Plan of the investigationSubject of the investigation:To investigate historical controversy over the origins of the Cold War.Methods:a.Research of bibliography about the origins of theCold Wax. Instrument: Internet. Three main siteswere particularly helpful: CNN the Cold War, ColdWar Policies, Cold War History Project. The maincriteria used for selection were: reliability of thesources and the most recent.b.Writing of an annotated

The origins of star wars

910 words - 4 pages The Origins of Star Wars In the movie Star Wars, Director and Screenplay writer George Lucas creates a very complex, believable universe. Lucas borrows many things from different places to create his universe.This paper will show whether or not he succeeds and how does he does it. The origins of the much of Star Wars will be explained and the symbolic nature of the characters will be touched upon, as well as a brief history of the most important

Origins of the cold war

9738 words - 39 pages Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20039280 . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that

origins of the cold war

9738 words - 39 pages Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20039280 . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that

Similar Essays

The Origins Of Life Essay

1375 words - 6 pages The Origins of Life Before any speculation toward the origin of biotic forms, what was present at the formation of the earth that could result in inorganic, then organic, and later biotic creatures? Early atmospheric conditions have been theorized to be present due to planetesimal collisions releasing gases present in the Earth, after the initial atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium escaped Earth’s gravity assisted by heat energy. The

The Origins Of Species Essay

1102 words - 5 pages Charles Darwin’s The Origins of Species is still held in high regard 155 years after it was published. To date it is still the principle model for our understanding of the idea of ‘natural selection’ and the theory of evolution. It is as important then as it is today, as The Origins of Species exemplifies how scientific inquiry offers the tools for the ability to obtain knowledge, the truth and discovery. It also changed the way we think about

The Origins Of Russia Essay

1575 words - 6 pages The Origins of Russia The country of Russia: enormous, expansive, wide-open. The words that describe this Euro-Asian country can be attributed to its origins from its Slavic inhabitants and the takeover by the Varangians. Kievan Russia, as it was called, started its own civilization in the year 862. The problem with the origin of the Russian State is that it is exceedingly complex and many theories are based on circumstantial evidence

The Origins Of Jeans Essay

1296 words - 5 pages The second skin Regular straight, boot cut & relaxed, or the 501® Original Fits? In all probability, no piece of garment has ever seen such days of glory as the blue jeans. Let us look back at the history of this symbol of the Western freedom, the minds behind its birth and spread, and the role it plays in the contemporary world. Even though considered an all-American invention, the origins of jeans can be traced back to the 17th century, when