Fascism Essay

594 words - 3 pages

A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing In the early part of the twentieth century in Europe fascism first arose. Fascism is a type of political ideology which is a counterrevolutionary. It was first introduced into the European society after the First World War which had a devastating effect on the country. Social problems also were incredibly bad, and to top it all off the communist revolution was at its peak. Fascism is a type of government that exercises a dictatorship of the extreme right on the political spectrum. Through centralized planning with private ownership which goes hand in hand with aggressive nationalism. Fascists believe that their state should be free of all other races which are not considered the ''national race''. At the top of elements which make up a fascist government is the use of ...view middle of the document...

After his notorious victory he became the new head of state. Spain did not participate in the Second World War, but had very strong ties to the Axis powers. The first significant use of propaganda Franco unleashed was when the United Nations labeled Franco's regime as the ''last of the Fascist dictators''. Franco pleaded to the entire world that his regime represented the monarchy and the church, but in actual fact it did not. The use of terror was not heavily utilized like other dictators of his era, but if Franco had to resort to terror he would not hesitate :''War was my job''. During his time in power there was a low standard of living. Franco ended his reign when in 1969 his cabinet took over the reins of his regime. Fascism did not last long in the Republic of Spain, but had a negative effect on the country and took along time for the country to rebuild as a nation.Benito Mussolini was the dictator of Italy. Mussolini came from a military background. In 1904 he engaged in politics full time. In 1921 Mussolini became the duce of the party which was called The National Fascist Party. As his reign became longer the living standard of the working class fell to subsistence and the income was one fourth of an American's. Mussolini signed a treaty with Hitler which was called the Rome-Berlin Axis. Mussolini unleashed his anti-Semitic blows against Italian Jewry, but did not take extreme measures like Hitler to create a one race state. Mussolini was allies with Hitler in the Second World War and was confident a victory would be easy to come by. Mussolini needed to be victorious in order to gain back the Italian public and to modernize his army. Mussolini's armies, badly led and supplied, were defeated in a string of wars all over the Mediterranean. Mussolini's regime toppled shortly after. Fascism had devastating effects on the state from the economy to the military.

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