This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Fascism Essay

1930 words - 8 pages

What is Fascism?

Fascism is a 20th century form of nationalistic, militaristic, totalitarian dictatorship that seeks to create a feasible society through strict regimentation of national and individual lives. Total subordination to the service of the state and unquestioning loyalty to its leader would adjust conflicting interests. It is a modern political ideology that looks to regenerate the social, economic, and cultural life of a country by basing it on a heightened sense of national belonging of ethnic identity. Fascism rejects liberal ideas of freedom and individual rights, it often presses for the destruction of elections, legislatures and other elements of democracy. Despite fascism’s idealistic goals, attempts to build fascist societies have led to wars and persecutions that have caused millions of deaths (notably WWII and the Holocaust). As a result, fascism is strongly associated with right-wing fanaticism, racism, totalitarianism and violence. Fascist movements oppose such doctrines as liberalism, individualism, materialism, communism and conservatism. In general, fascists stand against all scientific, economic, religious, academic, cultural and leisure activities that do not serve their vision of a national political life. Fascism emphasised nationalism, but its appeal was international. Fascist political parties and movements capitalised on the intense patriotism that emerged as a response to widespread social and political uncertainty after World War I (1914-1918) and the Russian Revolution of 1917. It flourished between the so called fascist era of 1919 and 1945 in many countries mainly Italy, Germany, Spain and Japan. Even such liberal democracies as France and England had important fascist movements.

Scholars disagree over how to define the basic elements of fascism, some even insist it was limited to Italy under Mussolini. When the term is capitalised as Fascism, it refers to the Italian movement. Beginning in the 1970’s, some scholars began to develop a broad definition of fascism and by the 1990’s many had embraced the new approach. This new approach emphasises the way in which fascist movements attempt revolutionary change and their central focus on popularising myths of ethnic or national renewal. Seen from this prospective, all forms of fascism have three common features: anticonservatism, a myth of national or ethnic renewal and a conception of a nation in crisis. Fascist movements usually try to retain some supposedly healthy parts of the nations existing political and social life, but they place more emphasis on creating a new society. Fascist movements set out to create a new type of total culture in which values; politics, art, social norms and economic activity are all part of a single organic community. In this way fascism is directly opposed to consevatism. The fascist movements in Italy and Germany also represented attempts to create revolutionary new modern states. Even though fascist movements try to bring...

Find Another Essay On Fascism

Future of Fascism Essay

1283 words - 5 pages ! Elpin Keshishzadeh 18 May 2013 "The Future of Fascism" Keshishzadeh1 ! Fascism is a philosophy that has changed significantly throughout history. Given its constant evolution, society's view on the ideology has also changed. After the birth of Italian Fascism, lead by Benito Mussolini, many dictators, such as Adolf Hitler, used fascist ideologies to foster their own philosophical movements. Given its right-wing extremities, one might argue

The Origins of Fascism Essay

1596 words - 7 pages The origins of Fascism as a political ideology and party are often attributed to Benito Mussolini who pioneered the concept in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (Kallis, 2000). The Fascist ideology viewed the nation as an all-embracing entity; outside of the state no one person is inherently valuable (Kallis, 2000). Fascism utilises the totalitarian style of governing and is therefore opposed to the socialist doctrine which advocates a

What Is Fascism

1125 words - 5 pages Fascism is a radical political view primarily used after World War One and was officially instigated by Benito Mussolini in 1925 when he declared himself as dictator, fascism also inspired Hitler to create the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) which shows that Fascism is essentially an extreme political view that not only inspired the rise of Hilter and the Nazis, it also (to some degree) brought Europe back from the brink of

Nazism Vs Fascism

908 words - 4 pages RUNNING HEADER: Nazism and FascismNazism and FascismNazism Versus FascismNovember 2, 2014During the era of the World Wars there were two extreme right-wing political ideologies that emerged. Those two political ideologies that came about were Fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany. While Fascism and Nazism emerged in two different countries and had their differences, they also had a number of similarities between them. Both the differences and

Communism vs Fascism

840 words - 3 pages The definition of communism is “ a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.” The definition of fascism is “A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through

Why Fascism Failed

1784 words - 7 pages Goncalves 1William GoncalvesMs. Smolders26 May 2014CHY 4U1The Development of FascismBy definition, Fascism can be defined as "a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism" (dictionary.reference.com). Fascism was a reactionary political movement sparked by the chaos caused by the

Nazism and Fascism

1227 words - 5 pages Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary School EducationHistorySchool-based Assessment Task OneStudy outline Name of student: Tsang Ka Wai Class: 5B Class no.: 35 Selected elective (please put ( in the appropriate box): Comparative studies ( Issue-based studies □ Local heritage studies □ Title Compare Fascism and Nazism during the inter-war period Study outline During the inter-war period, 1919-1939, Europe did not live

Mussolini And Fascism

1532 words - 6 pages      Fascism is the philosophy that exercises a dictatorship through the use of violence. There are two main areas fascism deals with. An elitist approach that makes the peoples' will on a select group with a supreme leader who governs all. The other approach is the populist approach in which the government wishes to have all its people act out against the government's oppressors. (Baradat) Fascism came from the word

Chaplin and Fascism

1233 words - 5 pages ) In the 1940’s, Chaplin chose to make a film entitled The Great Dictator, in which he played a Jewish ghetto resident under the regime of Adenoid Hynkel (also played by Chaplin). The similarity of Hynkel to Adolf Hitler wasn’t exactly a coincidence. Being Chaplin’s first sound film with dialogue, he decided to make it an attack on fascism. The leading symbol of fascism in that time, of course was Hitler. In the film, Hynkel is portrayed as a loud

Benito Mussolini and Fascism

1488 words - 6 pages “Fascism is a religion. The twentieth century will be known in history as the century of fascism” (Fascist). Those are the words of Benito Mussolini, an Italian journalist who started a political party of his own. Born in 1883, Mussolini became involved in socialist politics in Switzerland when he moved there in 1902 (BBC). Although he was active with the socialist party, Mussolini started publishing editorials that supported World War I, which

Fascism to Genocide - How?

645 words - 3 pages example one that fascism can brainwash anyone into committing horrendous crimes such as genocide. It is clear that, despite all promises of genocide never happening again, it has occurred throughout history to people of all kinds of races, ethnicities, and backgrounds. The only way to prevent such genocides from occurring again is for people to stand up for themselves and the people around them. If the human race paid more attention to those in

Similar Essays

Fascism Essay

594 words - 3 pages A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing In the early part of the twentieth century in Europe fascism first arose. Fascism is a type of political ideology which is a counterrevolutionary. It was first introduced into the European society after the First World War which had a devastating effect on the country. Social problems also were incredibly bad, and to top it all off the communist revolution was at its peak. Fascism is a type of government that exercises

Fascism Essay

2064 words - 8 pages FascismFascism is a form of counter-revolutionary politics that first arose inthe early part of the twentieth-century in Europe. It was a responseto the rapid social upheaval, the devastation of World War I, and theBolshevik Revolution. Fascism is a philosophy or a system ofgovernment the advocates or exercises a dictatorship of the extremeright, typically through the merging of state and business leadership,together with an ideology of

Iberian Fascism Essay

1355 words - 5 pages In 1960s Spain under General Francisco Franco and in 1970s Chile under General Augusto Pinochet, exponential economic growth occurred. What is interesting to note, is that both these countries experienced economic glory under autocratic, totalitarian military regimes. This essay will discuss the role that Iberian Fascism had on the issue of the Economy in both Spain and Chile. This will be examined in three parts. Firstly, the problems the

What Is Fascism? Essay

1252 words - 5 pages What is Fascism?      When the word “fascism” is mentioned people usually associate the word with German Nazis’. There is more to fascism than just German Nazis.’ Fascism is an interesting topic that should be further examined and explained so it is no longer simply associated with German Nazis’. This essay will explain what fascism is (definition), how fascism groups are run, the ideology of fascism, and some past