Fascism And The Nazi Party: How Was Fascism The Key Ideology Behind The Success Of The Nazi Party?

1458 words - 6 pages

Fascism is best defined as a form of government which is ruled by a dictator who holds very strong nationalistic views. The major characteristics of fascism consist of the government having total control over industry, religion, culture, social activities and economic factors. Fascism has been said to be similar to communism, however the difference is that private ownership still remains. Fascism has occurred throughout the world in countries such as Italy, Germany and Spain. Benito Mussolini was the Fascist dictator or Duce in Italy and lead them into their period of fascist rule in 1922, this ended in 1943. Adolf Hitler was the fascist dictator of Fuehrer who lead Germany into their fascist period in 1933. Fascism remained in Germany until the end of the Second World War in 1945. Between this time period Adolf Hitler had total control over the entire German state. He kept his power through the success and use of the Nazi party. Through Hitler's leadership he was able to keep a strong hold on Germany by the use of fascist ideology, his dictatorship, creating a one party state and moulding his master race.During Hitler's reign he used his strong fascist ideology to keep a tight hold on the German nation. Hitler looked up to Benito Mussolini for much of his political life, therefore it has been said that much of Hitler's fascist ideas came from his admiration of Mussolini. Hitler's Fascist ideology could be broken down into fourteen points. Hitler was extremely nationalistic he believed that Germany was superior to all other nations and that his countries needs were more important than any others. Hitler also showed people that the human rights of others could be neglected if it was to mean achieving something of importance. This particular view enabled Hitler to persecute people such as the Jews and other political members, without too much public disapproval. Hitler also used fear to prevent people from questioning his fascist ideas. He believed in the purification of the German race which meant that Jewish people had to go. Another part of the fascist ideology was to have one common national religion; this was used as a way "to manipulate public opinions." (www.rense.com/general137/fascism.html) Hitler made an agreement with the pope that so long as the church didn't question Hitler's rule then they could remain, the agreement was signed and they were able to keep their religion in Germany and their churches could stay. Hitler and his Nazi party also had a strong hold over the mass media. This allowed them to monitor what the Germans were being told and make sure people weren't getting to know too much about the unofficial activities of the Nazis or question their form of government. Education in schools was also monitored and the Nazis even changed text books to make sure children were learning about fascism and would grow up to be good fascists. Teachers weren't allowed to teach children about anything else. These were some of Hitler's basic...

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