Fascism Compared To Communism Essay

916 words - 4 pages

Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rulein Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answersshould consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of mediaand education, control of the economy, and war time planning.---Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively shorttime compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established underHitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise andcontrol of the state. Both systems were based on entirely differentideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority ofthe German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. Hitler wantedthe world. The government in Russia established by Lenin was based ona book called Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, a call to theproletariate to unite and rebel against their selfish employers. It ismy belief that Lenin had entirely good reasons for doing as he did,and felt he was helping the world as apposed to Adolf Hitler.Immediately after Lenin's death, a man very much the same in nature asHitler, Stalin, came to control the Bolsheviks and throw Russia in acivil war in a quest for power. You now have two men of equalaspirations soon to be in control of two very similar governments.In any rise of power, there needs to be a period of carefulplanning requiring much thought. These two men had very little historywith which to work with which to model their revolutions. Times hadbeen changing rapidly, technological improvements in the fields ofmanufacturing, transportation, and communication made this period oftime very different from any other. Hitler spent his time imprisonwriting his book, Mein Kampf, filling it full of warped ideas ofconquest and superiority of one race over another. I think it isstrange that such works would go unnoticed with nobody left to watch aman with such dangerous ideas. Lenin planned his revolution while inexile in Switzerland. Then he made a deal with the German governmentwhereby he was hid on a train and passed through enemy Germany toRussia. The conclusions with respect to methods of acquiring power andcontrolling it when they did get it were very much the same.Both rulers had full run of their respective governments.Stalin was already dictator of Russia with his power and loyalty ofthe people guaranteed by the secret police, the Cheka. This entityprovided Stalin with an easy means of destroying the opposition andweeding out the undesirable to be sent to prison camps in Siberia, avirtual death sentence. For Hitler to ascend to that level of power herammed the Enabling Act through the German Congress which gave him thepower to enact laws. Under Article 1 of his new power, Hitler decreedthe only existing party shall be the NSDAP. With Article 2 he declaredall association of, collaboration with, and support of other partieswould result in imprisonment in camps similar to Russia's labor camps.With...

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