Fascist Regime Of Mussolini Essay

1837 words - 7 pages

Fascism in ItalyHow and why was Benito Mussolini successful in creating the fascism government that appealed to the Italian majority?The First World War was the greatest conflict for its time, which re-shaped the world and set the path of development for many European countries. Those who were the most influenced were those who had lost because this meant that they would be bitter and would harbor anger against the others. Italy, whose interests were injured and who was discontented with its social and political condition after the war, was quick to turn to Benito Mussolini, the leader of the Fascist party, to search for answers and to discover a spark of hope for a rebirth of Italian power. Benito Mussolini won the support of the Italians because of his powerful character and charisma, the historical prerequisites he used to promote his party as saviors of the country, in the propaganda of his Fascist principles, and lastly the terror and violence he used to pacify his enemies.One of the main reasons Mussolini, born on 29 July 1883 and died April 28, 1945 ("Biography of Mussolini"), was so successful in his dictatorship was his strong character and charisma. His birthplace is the small town of Dovia di Predappio, which is located in the province of Forlì in Emilia-Romagna ("Biography of Mussolini"). He was not an aristocrat; his father, Alessandro, was a blacksmith and a Marxist activist, whereas his mother Rosa was a Catholic school teacher ("Italy's Fascist Dictator"). His parents had two more children, Arnaldo and Edvige, but he was their firstborn ("Italy's Fascist Dictator"). Because as a child Benito often helped his father, he was exposed to his beliefs: they were socialist and republican, but also to an extent nationalistic ("Biography of Mussolini"). To please his mother, he was sent to a boarding school which was run by Silesian monks; however, he was unruly and was thrown out after a series of offences such as throwing stones at the congregation ("Italy's Fascist Dictator"). This was one of the first occasions on which he showed his strong and defiant character; however, in his second school he was a good student and received pleasing grades ("Italy's Fascist Dictator"). When 1902 came Mussolini went to Switzerland with the intention of focusing on his political career ("Smith, Denis M."). But because he could not find a permanent job he was arrested and jailed for one night; when he became involved with the socialist movement, he was deported to Italy and volunteered for military service ("Smith, Denis M."). Benito found a job in the city of Trento, which was editor of the local socialist party's paper L'Avvenire del Lavoratore ("The Future of the Worker") ("Smith, Denis M.").In 1915, his first child was born: its mother was Ida Dalse, a woman from a local village ("Italy's Fascist Dictator"). He returned to Italy; during this time his inobedience towards the Royal authority and also the church got him in trouble with the...

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