Observation and Interpretation: Throughout the text, fate and the gods
are blamed for the cause of the problems, however subsequent choices
made later on by the characters appear to be free will, however are
actually influenced by fate and the gods.
So what?: This makes the audience blame the gods for the overall out
come, but still blame the main character for her choices.
P48 l. 1014-1015 “The gods/ And my evil-hearted plots have led to
P39 l. 717 “What good luck chance has brought you.”
P61 l. 1416-1419 “Many matters the gods bring to surprising ends./ The
things we thought would happen do not happen;/ The unexpected God
makes possible;/ And such is the conclusion of this story.”
To an ancient Greek, fate was thought of as the power that determined
all of our destinies, although a person could make choices along their
life to change small outcomes, which was the extent of free will. In
the play Medea, fate is used as a scapegoat to blame some of the
problems happening to the characters, despite the fact that most of
the characters had free will. In some instances the characters are not
even aware of the causes behind the causes of their problems.
Therefore, throughout the text, fate and the gods are blamed for the
cause of the problems, however subsequent choices made later on by the
characters appear to be free will, however are actually influenced by
fate and the gods.
The characters in the play make many references to the gods as the
cause of the conflict, this is not only by religion, but by fact as
well. One line in said by Medea that is most arresting is, “The gods/
And my evil-hearted plots have led to this.” (1014-1015) The “gods”
that Medea references to, are the gods detailed in the myth of Jason
and the Golden Fleece. In the myth Eros, Aphrodite and Hera are the
gods that are behind Medea’s love for Jason, love which was
artificially induced. Medea also explicitly blames the gods of the
outcome of the play, since her evil-hearted plans stem from her love
for Jason. However, the choices made in her throughout the book,
appear to be free will.
The most prominent section of the play that is associated with free
will is when Medea makes the choice to murder her children. At this
part, Medea is torn between the decision to kill her children or take
them away with her. The mere presence of her indecision shows that it
is free will...