Fatherhood And The Unmarried Adolescent African American Male

2902 words - 12 pages

Just about a quarter of all children are now born out of wedlock.... Add to that the substantial fraction of children born into marriages that will not survive.... What do these high rates of marital instability imply for patterns of childbearing, and especially for fathers’ involvement with their children? (Furstenberg & Harris, 1992, p. 199)

The vast amount of research on the topic of adolescent pregnancies has historically focused on the female (such as Furstenberg, 1976 and Stack, 1974). Social scientists have tried to understand the problem and also help the adolescent mother following her decision to give birth to a child. In some places, such as Oakland, California, 73% of adolescents giving birth are African American (Smith, 1988, p.269; Massey, 1991, p. 117). With this in mind, social workers have spent most of their efforts helping adolescent African-American women. The Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) and Aid to Families of Dependent Children (AFDC) offer help for many women and their children. Unfortunately, the social workers usually “viewed Black adolescent fathers either as a cause of the problem of adolescent parenthood or as a partial solution in their assigned role of financial provider” (Smith, 1988, p. 269).


Introductory quote focuses on an important public conversation about children born out of wedlock and fathers' involvement with their children. Furtstenburg is considered an expert on the topic of pregnancy among adolescents and the changing American family. The writer further identifies the context for the research as the social sciences and suggests how this research has influenced social workers. Sources provide general background information, specific statistics and a strong quote by Smith.[Link to Developing Arguments in Context]


Society and economic factors have played a damaging role within the African-American home and continue to deal a damaging blow to the African-American male. Social workers historically have viewed an unmarried mother as having a life ahead of continued financial dependence because of the African-American male’s lack in this area. If a male is not supporting the mother financially, the social workers write off the male. As opposed to writing them off, social workers should reach out to adolescent fathers. This essay will try to redefine fatherhood for adolescent African-American fathers with more attention to becoming a willing parent and less attention to the father’s ability to provide financial support. As I proceed I will also try to explain why the young fathers may not be present and explain some of their feelings. I will conclude by offering some ways to reach out to these young fathers.


The writer articulates his position on an issue with important consequences for the African-American family. The key elements of the argument are included here: adolescent African-American...

Find Another Essay On Fatherhood and the Unmarried Adolescent African-American Male

African-American Women: Understanding The Problems of Gender and Race

2328 words - 9 pages ” (Hallan, 2004). This tells us that from the beginning the African woman was less valuable and her treatment by the slave owners was a direct reflection of this. “The slave owner's exploitation of the black woman's sexuality was one of the most significant factors differentiating the experience of slavery for males and females” (Hallan, 2004) . The lustful activity of the male slave owner would in time lead to the African American woman gaining a

African American Women And Sports Essay

1190 words - 5 pages multiracial, male and female equal opportunities. Cindy Himes Gissendanner indicates how females (particularly African-Americans) participated in the endeavor and success of achieving equality for women between the two world wars. The determination of African-American women is evident as they disregarded how the white's and African-American men viewed them, and continued to prove themselves . Their confidence gained them recognition, money and

African American Women and Music

1728 words - 7 pages The purpose of this report was for me to research and explore the connection between African American women and music. Since prior to the slave decades, music has been an integral part of African American society, and served as a form of social, economic, and emotional support in African American communities in the past and present. This paper will cover three different types of secular music that emerged during the slave days, through the civil

The African American Experience and Their Aims for Writing

1413 words - 6 pages shown in Dr. Washington’s ,first speech, “Atlanta Exposition” as it effectively displays one of the aims for writing during this time. Dr. Washington, having being invited to speak in Atlanta, GA at the Cotton States and International Exposition in 1895, was a great event in African American history(History Matters). There he argued that economic progress for blacks must be built upon a foundation in education(Huff). This goes into his ability to

African and Native American Slavery

578 words - 2 pages African and Native American SlaveryThe 1500's, a time of discovery, was when theEuropeans came to dominate most of the New World. TheEuropeans traveled to Africa and captured Africans to helpdevelop their land and satisfy their need for power. I feelthat the treatment of the Indians and Africans by theEuropeans was completely unjustifiable. While the Indiansand Africans were less technologically advanced and theEuropeans were uneducated, in this

African American Ceramics of the 1800s and African Ceramics of a Contemporary Style

911 words - 4 pages One of the more famous African American potters during the Civil War times in the United States was David Drake (Burrison, 2012). Until he became emancipated he was known simply as Dave or Dave the Slave (Burrison, 2012). In 1801, Dave was born in the United States under his first owner Harvey Drake (Burrison, 2012). Harvey Drake is the most probable person to have taught young Dave how to read and write because of his belief that God gave him

The Romantic American Male in Cooper’s Last of the Mohicans and Irving’s Legend of Sleepy Hollow

3634 words - 15 pages Masculinity of the Romantic American Male in Cooper’s Last of the Mohicans and Irving’s Legend of Sleepy Hollow James Fenimore Cooper’s Last of the Mohicans and Washington Irving’s Legend of Sleepy Hollow are valuable examples of literary heavyweights of the Romantic era, but in addition, can also be used to chart sociological changes within the male gender during pre-Romantic and Romantic years. But because neither Cooper

African and African American according to Achebe and Douglass

1019 words - 4 pages African and African American according to Achebe and Douglass            Throughout the years, the image of the African American culture has been portrayed in in a negative light. Many people look to African, and African American literature to gain knowledge about the African American culture. The true culture and image often goes unseen, or is tarnished because writers who have no true insight or experience, have proceeded to write about

Treatment of the African American, Native American and Immigrant Population in America in the late 1800s.

739 words - 3 pages In the late 1800's, the evolving United States did not have that great of living conditions, especially for a Native American, immigrant, or African-American. Forced from their rightful lands, Native Americans were brutally marched to reservations. The new immigrants suffered a tremendous deal of persecution and a poor quality of life living in the packed cities. Even though African Americans had been constitutionally declared citizens and

The Analysis of the Struggles of an African-American Man and a Native American Man

1624 words - 6 pages It has long been said that people turn to religion during their most desperate and loneliest moments. This theory was very evident in the lives of two very different real-world people: Black Elk and Malcolm X. Black Elk, a Lakota Sioux Indian, and Malcolm X, an African-American, had many similar experiences despite their differences in geographical location, methods, and religion. Malcolm X and Black Elk turned to Islam and the Sioux’s

The Male and Female Role

604 words - 2 pages have, and she cleans up after the family. In most families mom is the person who is approached when there is a problem and a child needs to talk to someone. She is the one who makes sure that everybody in the household is alright and taken care of. Whenever something is wrong with someone in the household she notices and tries to help in anyway she can.The male role as it has been taught is to be the man of the house, he is taught to be the

Similar Essays

The African American Male Essay

2693 words - 11 pages Thesis Statement: To examine societies contribution to the destruction of the urban African-American male, one must further explain the educational system, racism toward the African-American male, and male role models in society; in doing so it will interpret the meaning to Jawanza Kunjufu first volume: Countering the Conspiracy to Destroy Black Boys (2004). I. Educational System a. Lack of Information/ Dropouts b. Fourth

Religion And The African American Experience

1231 words - 5 pages Religion and the African American ExperienceReligion and the Black Church in African American society, in regards to the socio-cultural, economical and political issues of the 20th century, has turned the African American experience of mere individual survival into one of prosperity and a sense of community. From the days of slavery, Africans have struggled to survive in America due to the unfair treatment based on the color of their skin

The African American Experience Essay

1485 words - 6 pages The African American Experience Throughout the readings, there are evident comparisons between all of their plots. "Learning to read," by Fredrick Douglas showed the reader that there was a struggle for the slaves back in the 1860's to try to succeed and learn to read and write behind their owner's back. The song " keep Ya Head Up," by TuPac Shakur, lets us hear how people treat and African American women and how they are raped, and are treated

The African American Odyssey Essay

1635 words - 7 pages The African-American Odyssey The Promise of Reconstruction, 1865-1868 The emancipation of the African slave who was now disconnected from their traditions and way of life after nearly 300 years, is seemingly a great gush from the dam to the ebbs and flows of the struggle. The end of slavery as we know it, presented a ball of mixed emotions among the nation; North and SOUTH. Some slaves were grossly ecstatic to be free. For example, when a